The Human/horse Relationship in Females as Related to the Capacity for Empathy, Absorption, and Repression
ProQuest, 2008 - 64 pages
This study sought to examine the relationship between humans and horses to the Adlerian concept of social interest. The human/horse relationship was defined by relationship maintenance and intimacy towards horses and favorable attitudes towards horses. Social interest was determined by the capacity for empathy and absorption as well as the tendency to avoid defensiveness and repression. Multiple regression analyses were used to determine the relationship between measures of empathy, absorption, repression and measures of relationship maintenance, intimacy, and favorable attitudes towards horses. Results showed that absorption was significantly related to intimacy with horses; however, other measures of empathy and repression were not significant. Suggestions for future research of the psychological benefits of the human/horse relationships will be discussed.
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ability absorbing and self-altering absorption scale Adlerian concept Analysis for Variables Animal-Assisted Therapy animals Ansbacher aspect of social attachment measures attitudes towards horses avoid defensiveness behaviors capacity for empathy correlate Davis defensiveness and repression empathic concern scale empathy and absorption Equine Assisted Growth Equine Assisted Psychotherapy fantasy scale favorable attitudes favorableness of attitudes Figure four subscales horse attachment human/horse relationship humans and horses independent variables individuals Interpersonal Reactivity Index intimacy towards horses intimacy with horses Kappa Alpha Theta maintenance and intimacy maintenance towards horses Mandrell Marlowe-Crowne MCSDS Neurofeedback nonverbal communication openness to absorbing Percentage of Sample personal distress scale perspective-taking scale positive mental health predicted that empathy Psy.D Psychdata Regression Analysis related to favorable related to intimacy related to relationship relationship and maintenance relationship maintenance repressive coping scale Responsibilities include Santaquin self-altering experiences significantly related social interest Summary of Regression Tellegen tendency to avoid therapeutic process therapy Wickramasekera