Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystems

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Gulf Professional Publishing, 2001 - NATURE - 1006 pages
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Limnology is the study of the structural and functional interrelationships of organisms of inland waters as they are affected by their dynamic physical, chemical, and biotic environments. Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystems, 3rd Edition, is a new edition of this established classic text. The coverage remains rigorous and uncompromising and has been thoroughly reviewed and updated with evolving recent research results and theoretical understanding. In addition, the author has expanded coverage of lakes to reservoir and river ecosystems in comparative functional analyses.
  

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Contents

Human Impact on Freshwater Ecosystems
3
RIVERS AND LAKESTHEIR
15
Groundwater Fluxes to Lakes
22
WATER ECONOMY
43
5
49
Thermal Radiation in Lake Water
55
Transmission through Ice and Snow
63
6
71
Floodplain Lakes
447
Zooplankton Distribution in Flowing Waters
448
Horizontal Variations in Distribution
455
Cyclomorphosis and Predation among the Zooplankton
456
Fish within Aquatic Ecosystems
460
Zooplankton Production
468
Zooplankton among Aquatic Ecosystems
482
Summary
484

Heat Budgets
86
Water Movements Affecting
108
Circulation Caused by Thermal Bars
118
8
126
Population Growth and Regulation
134
Productivity
142
OXYGEN
150
Variations in Oxygen Distributions
158
Hypolimnetic Oxygen Depletion Rates
164
Sources of Salinity
173
Distribution of Major Ions in Fresh Waters
176
Salinity Osmoregulation and Distribution of Biota
184
Summary
186
THE INORGANIC CARBON COMPLEX I The Occurrence of Inorganic Carbon in Freshwater Systems
187
Hydrogen Ion Activity
192
Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Total Inorganic Carbon and pH in Rivers and Lakes
193
Hypolimnetic CO2 Accumulation in Relation to Lake Metabolism
198
Utilization of Carbon by Algae and Macrophytes
200
Summary
203
THE NITROGEN CYCLE I Sources and Transformations of Nitrogen in Water
205
Inorganic and Organic Nitrogen
212
Seasonal Distribution of Nitrogen
220
CarbontoNitrogen Ratios
224
Summary of the Nitrogen Cycle
225
Nitrogen Budgets
227
Nitrogen Dynamics in Streams and Rivers
230
Summary
235
13
237
THE PHOSPHORUS CYCLE I Phosphorus in Fresh Waters
239
Phosphorus in Lakes and Streams
240
Phosphorus Cycling in Running Waters
242
Internal Loading
245
Phosphorus Cycling within the Epilimnion
258
Algal Requirements for Phosphorus
266
Humans and the Phosphorus Cycle in Lakes
269
Phosphorus and Nitrogen Loading and Algal Productivity
279
Summary
286
IRON SULFUR AND SILICA CYCLES I Biogeochemical Cycling of Essential Micronutrients
289
Iron and Manganese Cycling in Lakes
291
Bacterial Transformations of Iron and Manganese
302
Minor Elements
305
The Sulfur Cycle
310
The Silica Cycle
323
Summary
328
ALGAE AND CYANOBACTERIA I Composition of the Algae of Phytoplanktonic Associations
332
Small Is Beautiful and Productive
338
Phytoplanktonic Communities
339
Growth Characteristics of Phytoplankton
341
Organic Micronutrient Requirements
354
Heterotrophy of Organic Carbon by Algae and Cyanobacteria
356
Other Effects of Dissolved Organic Matter
358
Mortality of Phytoplankton
366
Competitive Interactions and Successional Diversity
370
Diversity and Biomass
371
Vertical Distribution and Maximum Growth in Lakes and Reservoirs
373
Primary Production of Phytoplankton
375
Phytoplankton among Aquatic Ecosystems
389
Summary
390
ZOOPLANKTON AND THEIR INTERACTIONS WITH FISH
395
Zooplankton
396
Trophic Relationships of Protists in Pelagic Food Webs
408
General Characteristics of Rotifers Cladocera and Copepods
412
Food Feeding and Food Selectivity
416
Reproduction and Life Histories
428
Seasonal Population Dynamics
433
Rotifer Population Dynamics
436
Cladoceran Population Dynamics
439
Copepod Population Dynamics
442
Parasitism and Zooplankton Population Dynamics
446
The Organic Carbon Cycle
490
Distribution of Bacterioplankton
491
Control of Bacterioplankton by Resource Availability and Environmental Factors
498
Decomposition of Dissolved Organic Matter
500
Control of Bacterioplankton by Biota
508
Biotically Released Dissolved Organic Matter
510
Decomposition of Particulate Organic Detritus
513
Productivity of Bacterioplankton
519
Comparison of Bacterioplankton among Aquatic Ecosystems
522
Summary
524
LARGER PLANTS I Aquatic Macrophytes of the Littoral Zone and Wetlands
528
Aquatic Plant Characteristics
529
Metabolism by Aquatic Macrophytes
535
Rates of Photosynthesis and Depth Distribution of Macrophytes
549
Primary Productivity of Macrophytes
553
Summary
572
ATTACHED MICROORGANISMS LITTORAL ALGAE AND ZOOPLANKTON I Attached Microbes and Algae of Littoral
577
Regions
578
Metabolic Interactions in the Littoral Regions
602
Productivity of Littoral Algae
605
Periphyton among Aquatic Ecosystems
617
Littoral Zooplankton Communities
619
Summary
621
SHALLOW LAKES AND PONDS I Origins and Distribution
625
Invasion and Growth of Macrophytes
626
Temporary Ponds Pools and Streams
628
Summary
630
SEDIMENTS AND MICROFLORA I General Composition of Sediments
631
of Sediments
633
Microflora of Sediments and Rates of Decomposition
635
Anaerobic Decomposition in Sediments
639
Metabolism
651
Degradation of Particulate Organic Matter in Sediments of Running Waters
657
Degradation of Dissolved Organic Matter in Sediments of Running Waters
660
Summary
662
BENTHIC ANIMALS AND FISH COMMUNITIES I Benthic Animal Communities
665
Aquatic Insects
695
Littoral and Profundal Benthic Communities of Lakes
702
Stream Benthic Communities
710
Reservoir Benthic Communities
714
Production of Invertebrate Benthic Fauna
715
Fish Predation and Other Mortality of Benthic Fauna
721
Fish Production Rates
724
Summary
725
ORGANIC CARBON CYCLING AND ECOSYSTEM METABOLISM I Overview of Organic Transfers and Uses
731
Detritus
732
Allochthonous Organic Matter
737
Distribution of Organic Carbon
751
Organic Matter as a Component of the Ecosystem
759
Net Ecosystem Production
775
Synergies among Dissolved Organic Matter Sunlight Climatic Warming Enhanced Atmospheric CO2 and Acidification
779
Summary
780
PALEOLIMNOLOGY I Stratigraphy and Geochemistry
786
Biological Indicators
792
Sedimentary Record and Lake Ontogeny
802
THE ONTOGENY OF INLAND AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS I Successional Development of Aquatic
805
Ecosystems
806
Dystrophy and Bog Ecosystems
812
Summary
821
UNDERSTANDING IS ESSENTIAL FOR THE FUTURE I Water Quality Is Essential Water Quality Is Biological
825
Biodiversity of Inland Waters
826
River Regulation
832
Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems
836
Summary
841
References
843
Appendix
981
Index
985
Copyright

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