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YAC laser effects on dentin demineralization 239410
YAG with and without waterair surface cooling
17 other sections not shown
absorption bands absorption coefficient acid application areas carbon carbon dioxide laser cavity cementum clinical CO2 laser CO2 laser irradiation coagulation coolant cooling damage Dent dental enamel dental hard tissue dental tissue dentinal surfaces dentinal tubules depth diameter enamel and dentin energy density Ethics excimer laser fiber Figure fluence fluoride gingiva handpiece heat histological hydroxyapatite increased infrared inhibition investigation J. D. B. Featherstone J/cm lased laser beam laser dentistry laser energy laser exposure laser incisions laser light laser pulses laser radiation laser treatment Lasers Surg microhardness microscope mineral Nd:YAG laser observed oral periodontal phosphorescent photoacoustic photoacoustic spectroscopy pulp pulpal pulpotomy pulse duration pulsed laser reflection removal repetition rate root canal root planing root surface sample scanning electron microscopy smear layer soft tissue specimens spectral SPIE surface temperatures surgery teeth phosphorescent temperature measurements temperature rise thermal emission tooth transmission vitro water/air wavelength