Mathematics for the Nonmathematician

Front Cover
Courier Corporation, 1967 - Mathematics - 641 pages
13 Reviews
Practical, scientific, philosophical, and artistic problems have caused men to investigate mathematics. But there is one other motive which is as strong as any of these — the search for beauty. Mathematics is an art, and as such affords the pleasures which all the arts afford." In this erudite, entertaining college-level text, Morris Kline, Professor Emeritus of Mathematics at New York University, provides the liberal arts student with a detailed treatment of mathematics in a cultural and historical context. The book can also act as a self-study vehicle for advanced high school students and laymen.
Professor Kline begins with an overview, tracing the development of mathematics to the ancient Greeks, and following its evolution through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance to the present day. Subsequent chapters focus on specific subject areas, such as "Logic and Mathematics," "Number: The Fundamental Concept," "Parametric Equations and Curvilinear Motion," "The Differential Calculus," and "The Theory of Probability." Each of these sections offers a step-by-step explanation of concepts and then tests the student's understanding with exercises and problems. At the same time, these concepts are linked to pure and applied science, engineering, philosophy, the social sciences or even the arts.
In one section, Professor Kline discusses non-Euclidean geometry, ranking it with evolution as one of the "two concepts which have most profoundly revolutionized our intellectual development since the nineteenth century." His lucid treatment of this difficult subject starts in the 1800s with the pioneering work of Gauss, Lobachevsky, Bolyai and Riemann, and moves forward to the theory of relativity, explaining the mathematical, scientific and philosophical aspects of this pivotal breakthrough. Mathematics for the Nonmathematician exemplifies Morris Kline's rare ability to simplify complex subjects for the nonspecialist.
  

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Review: Mathematics for the Nonmathematician (Books Explaining Science)

User Review  - Ciara Mccabe - Goodreads

I never liked math in school, but since I tutor math now, I started reading books that had to do with math. It was written a while ago so it has outdated opinions. But then again, if he can do math, those issues are more or less peripheral. Read full review

Review: Mathematics for the Nonmathematician (Books Explaining Science)

User Review  - Zach Mays - Goodreads

One of the most important books of my life (so far) Read full review

Contents

Why Mathematics?
1
A Historical Orientation
11
Logic and Mathematics
30
the Fundamental Concept
58
Algehra the Higher Arithmetic
94
Charting the Earth and the Heavens
153
The Mathematical Order of Nature
187
The Awakening of Europe
197
The Application of Formulas to Gravitation
326
The Differential Calculus
365
The Integral Calculus
388
Trigonometric Functions and Oscillatory Motion
416
The Trigonometric Analysis of Musical Sounds
436
NonEuclidean Geometries and Their Significance
452
Arithmetics and Thetr Algehras
478
The Statistical Approach to the Social and Biological Sciences
499

Mathematics and Painting in the Renaissance
209
Projectlve Geometry
232
The Theory of Prohahility
240
Coordinate Geometry
250
The Simplest Formulas in Action
280
Parametric Equations and Curvilinear Motion
307
The Nature and Values of Mathematics
541
Tahle of Trigonometric Ratios
557
Additional Answers and Solutions
572
Index
633
Copyright

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About the author (1967)

Morris Kline: Mathematics for the Masses
Morris Kline (1908–1992) had a strong and forceful personality which he brought both to his position as Professor at New York University from 1952 until his retirement in 1975, and to his role as the driving force behind Dover's mathematics reprint program for even longer, from the 1950s until just a few years before his death. Professor Kline was the main reviewer of books in mathematics during those years, filling many file drawers with incisive, perceptive, and always handwritten comments and recommendations, pro or con. It was inevitable that he would imbue the Dover math program ― which he did so much to launch ― with his personal point of view that what mattered most was the quality of the books that were selected for reprinting and the point of view that stressed the importance of applications and the usefulness of mathematics. He urged that books should concentrate on demonstrating how mathematics could be used to solve problems in the real world, not solely for the creation of intellectual structures of theoretical interest to mathematicians only.

Morris Kline was the author or editor of more than a dozen books, including Mathematics in Western Culture (Oxford, 1953), Mathematics: The Loss of Certainty (Oxford, 1980), and Mathematics and the Search for Knowledge (Oxford, 1985). His Calculus, An Intuitive and Physical Approach, first published in 1967 and reprinted by Dover in 1998, remains a widely used text, especially by readers interested in taking on the sometimes daunting task of studying the subject on their own. His 1985 Dover book, Mathematics for the Nonmathematician could reasonably be regarded as the ultimate math for liberal arts text and may have reached more readers over its long life than any other similarly directed text.

In the Author's Own Words:
"Mathematics is the key to understanding and mastering our physical, social and biological worlds."

"Logic is the art of going wrong with confidence."

"Statistics: the mathematical theory of ignorance."

"A proof tells us where to concentrate our doubts." ― Morris Kline

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