Children in Colonial America

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James Alan Marten
NYU Press, 2007 - History - 253 pages
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"Providing fresh historical perspectives on key features of children's lives, this book offers compelling, new materials on childhood in colonial America, and on groups--including Native Americans and Hispanics--too often left out of conventional coverage." --Peter Stearns, George Mason UniversityThe Pilgrims and Puritans did not arrive on the shores of New England alone. Nor did African men and women, brought to the Americas as slaves. Though it would be hard to tell from the historical record, European colonists and African slaves had children, as did the indigenous families whom they encountered, and those children's life experiences enrich and complicate our understanding of colonial America.Through essays, primary documents, and contemporary illustrations, Children in Colonial America examines the unique aspects of childhood in the American colonies between the late sixteenth and late eighteenth centuries. The twelve original essays observe a diverse cross-section of children--from indigenous peoples of the east coast and Mexico to Dutch-born children of the Plymouth colony and African-born offspring of slaves in the Caribbean--and explore themes including parenting and childrearing practices, children's health and education, sibling relations, child abuse, mental health, gender, play, and rites of passage.Taken together, the essays and documents in Children in Colonial America shed light on the ways in which the process of colonization shaped childhood, and in turn how the experience of children affected life in colonial America.
  

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Children in colonial America

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Marten (history, Marquette Univ.;Children for the Union ) adds to the growing body of literature on the history of family life with this rich collection of original essays and transcriptions from ... Read full review

Contents

Indian Children in Early Mexico
13
Religion Gender andIndian Children in Southern New England 16001720
33
Enslaved Children in Jamaica 17751834
48
A Pilgrim Describes Indian Childrearing
61
A Slave Boys Life
63
Family and Society
75
A CrossCultural Analysis
77
Children Violence and the Courts in New Amsterdam
90
The Fragilityof Family Life in the World of Elizabeth Drinker
155
Anne Bradstreet Writes about Parenthood
168
Becoming Americans
173
Girlhood in the French Gulf Southand the British MidAtlantic Colonies
175
Educating Youth in Colonial Philadelphia
191
Politicizing Youth in PreRevolutionary Boston
204
The Autobiography of John Barnard
217
Benjamin Franklin Grows Up
222

Growing Up Rich in EighteenthCentury South Carolina
104
Eliza Lucas of South Carolina
116
Philip Vickers Fithian Meets the Carters
119
Cares and Tribulations
125
English Children in Holland and Plymouth Plantation
127
Idiocy and the Construction of Competencein Colonial Massachusetts
141
Questions for Consideration
230
Suggested Readings
235
About the Contributors
245
Index
249
Copyright

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