What people are saying - Write a review
User Review - Flag as inappropriate
Mill is remembered for his classic History of British India, first published in 1818. After scrutinizing India's arts, manufactures, literature, religion, and laws, he concluded, vigorously disputing William Jones' claims, that the Hindus did not possess, and never had possessed, ' a high state of civilization.' They were rather a 'rude' people who had made 'but a few of the earliest steps in the progress to civilization'. There existed in India, he wrote, a 'hideous state of society', inferior even to that of the European feudal age. Bound down to despotism and to ' a system of priestcraft, built upon the most enormous and tormenting superstition that even harassed and degraded any portion of mankind', the Hindus had become'the most enslaved portion of the human race.' Mill has given the correct quality of Hindu society. But William Jones, in his craze to get knighthood, produced fake Sanskrit manuscripts with the help of his Brahmin tutors and gave a prostituted history. Fabricated Sanskrit manuscripts were produced to make a false claim that ancient Indians knew surgery, physics, and geography. Jones' Manu Smriti was written by him by following Creation Story in the Bible. There was no Manu Smriti available when Jones traced for it because Hindus believed that it was sacrilegious to. write down the sacred text. So Jones himself wrote it by listening to the corrupt narration of Brahmin priests, but heavily based on Biblical Creation account.Jones' Sakuntala was remodeled on the lines of Shakespeare and Klaidasa would not have divided the play into scenes and Act. But it was Mill who correctly said, "Indians dis not possess and never had possessed a high state of civilization." Jones and other Orientalists produced fake manuscripts to show that Indians had an advanced knowledge in science and medicine.
Other editions - View all
ancient appear Asiat authority Bantam Bengal Brahma Brahmen Bruce caste ceremonies CHar character charter circumstances civilization classes CnaP Colebrooke Company's court crimes cultivated cusa grass deities Directors divine Dutch duties English Europe European evidence factories favour fire gods hand Hindu law Hindustan Hist history of India human Ibid ideas Institutes of Menu island joint-stock king labour land Laws of Menu lord magistrate manners ment mind Mogul nations natives nature oblation observed obtained opinion passage performed Persian persons Portuguese possessed present princes produce punishment Puranas regard religion religious remarkable respect rude ryots sacred says Scott Waring sect servants ships Sir William Jones Siva society sovereign Sudra Surat taxes things thou tion trade translated Treta yug Vaisya Vedas vessels viii Vishnu Vishnu Purana voyage whole worship Zoroastre
Page 491 - ... then the sole self-existing power, himself undiscerned, but making this world discernible, with five elements and other principles of nature, appeared with undiminished glory, expanding his idea, or dispelling the gloom. He, whom the mind alone can perceive, whose essence eludes the external organs, who has no visible parts, who exists from eternity, even he, the soul of all beings, whom no being can comprehend, shone forth in person.
Page 524 - ... each other; and above all, a treatment of the female sex full of . confidence, respect and delicacy, are among the signs which denote a...
Page 312 - Under this simple form of municipal government, the inhabitants of the country have lived from time immemorial. The boundaries of the villages have been but seldom altered ; and though the villages themselves have been sometimes injured and even desolated by war, famine and disease, the same name, the same limits, the same interests and even the same families, have continued for ages. The inhabitants...
Page 312 - The inhabitants give themselves no trouble about the breaking up and division of kingdoms. While the village remains entire, they care not to what power it is transferred, or to what sovereign it devolves. Its internal economy remains unchanged.
Page 493 - He gave being to time and the divisions of time, to the stars also, and to the planets, to rivers, oceans and mountains, to level plains and uneven valleys...
Page 407 - Let him slide backwards and forwards on the ground ; or let him stand a whole day on tiptoe ; or let him continue in motion rising and sitting alternately : but at sunrise, at noon, and at sunset, let him go to the waters and bathe. In the hot season, let him sit exposed to five fires ; four blazing around him, with the sun above : in the rains, let him stand uncovered, without even a mantle, and where the clouds pour the heaviest showers ; in the cold season, let him wear humid vesture ; and let...
Page 300 - Neque quisquam agri modum certum aut fines habet proprios ; sed magistratus ac principes in annos singulos gentibus cognationibusque hominum , qui una coierunt , quantum et quo loco visum est agri adtribuunt atque anno post alio transire cogunt.
Page 386 - We must not be surprised," he says, " at finding, on a close examination, that the characters of all the Pagan deities, male and female, melt into each other and at last into one or two; for it seems a well-founded opinion, that the whole crowd of gods and goddesses in ancient Rome, and modern Varanes [Benares] mean only the powers of nature, and principally those of the Sun, expressed in a variety of ways and by a multitude of fanciful names.
From Google Scholar
THOMAS OSBORNE - 1994 - Journal of Historical Sociology
Mansoor Moaddel - 1998 - Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion
WALTRAUD ERNST - 1997 - Comparative Studies in Society and History
All Scholar search results »
RH Parker - Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal
Ungoverned Imaginings: James Mill's 'The History of British India ...
JSTOR: Ungoverned Imaginings: James Mill's The History of British ...
Online Library of Liberty - GLOSSARY - The History of British ...
Internet Archive Forums: View Post
Database: THE HISTORY OF BRITISH INDIA. BY JAMES MILL, ESQ., Page 1
The History of British India Volume I - Microsoft Reader Catalog ...
Date with history
Javed Majeed : History Compass
Blackwell Publishing Ltd Oxford, UK POST Political Studies 0032 ...
History and the Enterprise of Knowledge | New Humanist