The Political Mapping of Cyberspace

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University of Chicago Press, 2003 - Computers - 214 pages
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As inherently spatial beings, our sense of space in cyberspace challenges all that is familiar in terms of our ability to define, organize, govern, and map social places. In The Political Mapping of Cyberspace, Jeremy Crampton shows that cyberspace is not the virtual reality we think it to be, but instead a rich geography of political practices and power relations.

Using concepts and methods derived from the work of Michel Foucault, Crampton outlines a new mapping of cyberspace to help define the role of space in virtual worlds and to provide constructive ways in which humans can exist in another spatial dimension. He delineates the critical role maps play in constructing the medium as an object of knowledge and demonstrates that by processes of mapping we come to understand cyberspace. Maps, he argues, shape political thinking about cyberspace, and he deploys in-depth case studies of crime mapping, security maintenance, and geo-surveillance to show how we map ourselves onto cyberspace, inexorably, and indelibly.

Offering a powerful reinterpretation of technology and contemporary life, this innovative book will be an essential touchstone for the study of cartography and cyberspace in the twenty-first century.
  

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Contents

Being Virtually There The Spatial Problematics of Cyberspace
9
The production of cyberspace
14
Subjectification and cyberspace
15
Confession and parrhesia
18
Mind the gap
19
Towards a critical politics of the practice of mapping
21
Conclusion
22
The History of Internet Mapping
27
Blogging and community
95
On confession and cyberspace
96
Confession throughout cyberspace
102
blogging as selfwriting
104
Resistance as parrhesia
107
Disciplinary Cyberspaces Security and Surveillance
117
Early applications of crimemapping
120
Governmentality
125

Definition of distributed mapping and scope of chapter
28
Critical theoretical issues of distributed mapping
29
The history of distributed mapping as a mode of cartography
33
Distributed mapping in historical context early developments
35
Cartography and GIS
36
The history of the Web and contemporary development of distributed mapping
40
Implications of distributed mapping
45
Conclusion
46
Why Mapping is Political
48
Theory and practice in cartography
50
ontic and ontological knowledges
54
How we might do philosophical thinking
56
Problematizing the essential lie
58
Towards a critical politics of cartography
60
Summary
69
Authenticity and Authentication
73
Authenticity as authentication
75
What space for authenticity?
81
Technologies of the self
83
against the confession of the map
89
Selfwriting as nonconfessional practice of the self
91
Communities in Cyberspace Confession and Parrhesia
94
Digital crimemapping and surveillance
126
Is privacy the issue?
135
The risks of security
138
Geographies of the Digital Divide
141
Some terms and issues
142
The digital divide at different scales
144
Divides and lags
145
Wealth and connectivity
153
Atlanta in context
155
Atlanta in detail
160
Addressing the divide with GIS
162
Beyond the digital divide
164
Positivities of Power Possibilities of Pleasure
171
Mapping as Befindlichkeit and Verlorenheit
172
Positivities of power
176
Possibilities of pleasure
181
Conclusions
187
Notes
188
References
196
Index
209
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Jeremy W. Crampton is an assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology and Geography at Georgia State University. He is the author of numerous articles on social and technical aspects of mapping.

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