A Source Book in Medieval Science

Front Cover
Edward Grant
Harvard University Press, 1974 - History - 864 pages
2 Reviews

Modern scholarship has exposed the intrinsic importance of medieval science and confirmed its role in preserving and transmitting Greek and Arabic achievements. This Source Book offers a rare opportunity to explore more than ten centuries of European scientific thought. In it are approximately 190 selections by about 85 authors, most of them from the Latin West. Nearly half of the selections appear here for the first time in any vernacular translation.

The readings, a number of them complete treatises, have been chosen to represent "science" in a medieval rather than a modern sense. Thus, insofar as they are relevant to medieval science, selections have been drawn from works on alchemy, astrology, logic, and theology. Most of the book, however, reflects medieval understanding of, and achievements in, the mathematical, physical, and biological sciences. Critical commentary and annotation accompany the selections. An appendix contains brief biographiesof all authors.

This book will be an indispensible resource for students and scholars in the history of science.

  

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Contents

On the Quadrivium or Four Mathematical 15 An Assessment of Buridans Objections 51
3
On Arithmetic
17
Classification of the Sciences
53
On the Order of the Planets 27 Hugh of St Victor
59
On Comets 539 OCEANOGRAPHY
70
On Ocean and Tides 30 Introduction
77
A List of Translations Made from Arabic into 19 On the Importance of Study
90
PROPORTIONS
136
Late Medieval Optics
435
THE ELEMENTS OF ASTRONOMY
442
Extracts from the Alfonsine Tables and Rules
465
ASTROLOGY
488
COSMOLOGY
494
On Saving the Phenomena and the Reality
516
On the Commensurability or Incommensura
530
On the Existence of an Imaginary Infinite Biology
554

Rational and Irrational Exponents
158
The Trisection of an Angle
176
Constructions from an Applied Resistant Medium? The Responses of Aver
253
Questions on the Eight Books of Aristotles 48 The Impetus Theory of Projectile
275
Contrary Motions
284
Mathematical Representations
292
ATOMISM
312
ON VACUUM
324
Motion in a Hypothetical Void
334
MEASUREMENT OF FORCES
360
MAGNETISM
367
OPTICS
375
Robert Grosseteste and the Revival of Optics
384
Late ThirteenthCentury Synthesis
392
The Geometry of Refrac
423
Not Spirit Century Bestiary
644
On a Godfilled Extramundane Infinite Void 84 An Attempt at a Scientific Description
654
Alchemy and Chemistry
689
Twentysix Arguments against Alchemy and Albertus Magnus
699
How Elements Persist in a Compound 603 Isidore of Seville
705
On the Formation of Stones and SCIENTIFIC METHOD
720
The Image or Representation of the World Master Nicholas
729
Simple Medicines
778
Interpretation of the Urine 748 pirical Pharmacy
788
Danger Symptoms 755 Salernitan Surgery
795
Gynecology 761 1 Theodoric Bishop of Cervia
803
Smallpox 770 BRIEF AUTHOR BIOGRAPHIES
809
Bubonic Plague 773
838
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About the author (1974)

Edward Grant is Professor of History and History of science and Chairman of the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at Indiana University, Bloomington.

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