Assessment in the Classroom: Constructing and Interpreting Texts
Educational assessment, at one time a relatively uncontroversial subject, is now riven by a diversity of views. The most crucial division is between those who continue to believe in the effectiveness of objective assessment techniques and those who favour alternative methods. This book presents an analysis of the strengths, weaknesses and rationales for both.
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ability administered alternative assessment approach appropriate assessment techniques assigning grades behavior better classroom cognitive computation considered constructed response items content validity conventional tests correct answer correlation coefficient criterion-referenced criterion-referenced tests decisions determine difficult educational essay questions essay tests ethical evaluation Examples Poor focus formula grade equivalents high stakes higher level important instructional goal instructional objectives interval scale item analysis knowledge learning mastery mastery learning match math mean measure ment methods multiple-choice items norm-referenced Norm-referenced tests normal curve normal distribution norms number of items objective items objective tests options ordinal scale percentile ranks performance assessment performance tests portfolio problem procedures r-scores ratio scale raw scores reading requires school district short answer items standard deviation standard scores standardized achievement tests standardized tests stanine statements statistics student performance student responses task teacher TerraNova test scores tion true-false items usually variability writing