Fighting Words: Language Policy and Ethnic Relations in Asia

Front Cover
Michael Edward Brown, Sumit Ganguly
MIT Press, 2003 - History - 480 pages
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Language policy is a sensitive issue in most countries. In countries where more than one language is spoken -- the vast majority -- language policies affect the ability of individuals and groups to participate in government, to be treated fairly by governmental agencies, to have access to government services, to take advantage of educational opportunities, and to pursue economic success.Language policies also affect the prospects for survival of ethnic groups that define themselves on the basis of language. Assimilationist policies can threaten the existence of minority groups as distinct entities. Accommodationist policies might allow many ethnic groups to flourish but weaken national unity. In many countries, disputes over language policies have led to ethnic tensions and, in some cases, to violent ethnic conflicts.This book analyzes the impact of different kinds of language policies on ethnic relations in fifteen multiethnic countries in Asia and the Pacific. The analyses include discussion of the origins of different language policies and of how the policies have evolved over time. The book develops policy recommendations, both for individual countries and in more general terms.

  

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Contents

Language Policy and National Development
21
The Politics of Language Policy in Pakistan
51
Language Identity and the State
81
Ethnolinguistic Nationalism and Ethnic
105
Language Policy in Modern Burma
143
The Politics of Language in Thailand
177
Language Policy and Ethnic Relations in
211
The Politics of Language Policies in Malaysia
239
Harmonizing Linguistic Diversity in Papua
291
Language Policy and Ethnic Relations in the
319
The Evolution of Language Policies in China
353
The Evolution of Language Policies and
385
Language Policy and Ethnic Relations in Asia
413
Suggestions for Further Reading
449
Contributors
463
About the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
483

Language Policy and the Promotion of
263

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About the author (2003)

Michael E. Brown is Dean of the Elliott School of International Affairs at George WashingtonUniversity.

Sumit Ganguly is the Rabindranath Tagore Professor of Indiana Cultures and Civilizations and Director of the India Studies Institute at Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana. He is an expert on the international relations of the countries of South Asia; ethnic, nationalist, and religious violence; and nuclear politics.

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