Rebuilding the local landscape: environmental management in Burkina Faso
This book examines land use change and natural resource management in the province of Sissili in Southern Burkina Faso - an area that has seen widespread immigration caused by Sahelian droughts since the 1960s. This immigration caused concern amongst development professionals about the future of economic and environmental sustainability in the province. However, over a period of two years of close contact with the farming communities, adaptive and innovative actions were noted as people developed new resource use patterns to safeguard both environment and livelihood. The book examines various aspects of the production and livelihood systems of indigenous and immigrant ethnic groups and shows that:a) The purpose of the emerging new resource use arrangements is to guarantee subsistence for all.b) Negotiation between ethnic groups and communities is the mechanism that guarantees subsistence.c) Landscapes (lifescapes) are not static but are created through assimilation of information and different farming systems.d) The objective of local production systems is to maximise livelihood subsistence and to minimise negative environmental impacts which threaten long term sustainability.e) The resource use system needs to be understood in both a historical and a local context, with specific reference to the economy of affection.These conclusions were drawn from the study of three villages in Sissili, using detailed ethnographic and participatory research methods. The theoretical and practical angle of this study is that farmers manage their local resources to maximise livelihood opportunities, altering landscapes to suit their own purposes.
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The Resilience of the Peasantry in Burkina Faso
The Province of Sissili
Culturally Locating Production Patterns
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activities African agricultural Agrotechnik animals Animist Author's fieldwork Badakui Bieha Billion FCFA Boer Boutiourou Burkina Faso bush fields canton Cassou cattle cent cereals communities compound Cote D'Ivoire cowpeas crop cultivated decision density Djerma dominated dry matter dry season environment environmental ethnic groups fallows farmers farming systems FCFA ferruginous soils Figure forest Fulani Ghana Gourounsi grazing harvest hectare herd herder household fields household head Hyden Islam karite Koudougou labour Land Chief landscape lifescapes lineage maize manure migration millet Mossi Mossi immigrants networks Niabouri Nuni Nuni and Mossi Nuni chiefs occupation of space original Mossi Ouessa pasture peasantry perennial grasses Pissie population growth production system province of Sissili red sorghum Saboue Sahelian Sapouy savanna slopes social soil fertility sorghum Source species study villages subsistence Table Terroirs tion traditional transhumance tree unit valley bottoms vegetation Village Chief village fields women woody Yatenga zones