Part-time employment: a bridge or a trap?
Lately, part-time employment has attracted a lot of public attention. There have been conflicting normative evaluations in terms of the benefits or disadvantages it brings to both employers and employees. Some critics regard it as a form of wage work which gives both employers and workers a high degree of flexibility. Others argue that it brings about employment inequalities and job insecurity to employees and would ultimately confine workers to a ghettoised arena of employment. These two opposing views generally overlook the complex reality that underlies employers' demand for part-time workers, the employment conditions of part-time employees and factors that shape participation in part-time work. This book seeks to examine the array of factors which underlie the demand for and the supply of part-time workers as well as the employment conditions of part-time employees by using Britain as a case study. The aim of this study is to provide a thorough empirical account of the various issues related to part-time employment. It also attempts to draw out some of the policy implications of the findings.
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Data and methods
Employers demand for parttime workers
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analysis associated attitudes changes Chapter childcare class position committed to employment compared to full-timers demand for part-timers dependent variable destination class distribution division of labour effect of part-time employers employment conditions employment status entry class examined extent factors female full-timers flexible firm thesis formal qualification full-time and part-time full-time jobs gender role Goldthorpe household housework human capital theory husbands industries job rewards Kirkcaldy labour market participation labour market segmentation labour market theory less level of formal level of part-time logistic regression long-hour part-timers lower male full-timers married women O-level occupational mobility part-time employment part-time jobs part-time work experience part-time work participation part-time workers part-time workforce product market promotion prospects public sector recruitment regression routine non-manual sample secondary labour market segmentation theory semi-/unskilled manual service class shift-work short-hour part-timers skill levels studies Swindon Tobit modelling types unemployed union wage rate working-hour status worklife workplace