Mixed Messages: American Politics and International Organization, 1919-1999 (Google eBook)
At the turn of the century, the United States is on the verge of losing its vote in the General Assembly for non-payment of its arrears. There are eerie parallels between the domestic debate over the United Nations in 1999 and the struggles over the League of Nations in 1919. Why, many ask, are Americans the first to create international organizations and the first to abandon them? What is it about the American political culture that breeds both the most ardent supporters and the most vocal detractors of international organization? And why can't they find any common ground? In seeking to uncover the roots of American ambivalence toward international organization, this political history presents the first major analysis of U.S. attitudes toward both the United Nations and the League of Nations. It traces eight themes that have resurfaced again and again in congressional and public debates over the course of this century: exceptionalism, sovereignty, nativism and racism, unilateralism, security, commitments, reform, and burden-sharing. It assesses recent domestic political trends and calls for the development of two interactive political compacts--one domestic and one international--to place U.S.-UN relations on a new footing. A Century Foundation Book
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A Special Nation Peerless and Indispensable
The Burden of Exceptionalism
The Indispensable United States
The Universal United Nations
Are Americans Out of Step with the Rest of the World?
National Interests Sovereignty and Global Governance
Big or Small Near or Far
Whos in Control? The Question of Foreign Command of US Forces
Who Owes Whom? Paying for Peacekeeping Support Costs
Reform for All Seasons
Unfinished Business in Planning the League and the UN
An Early Frost
Barriers to Reform
Reform as a Way of Life
Congress and UN Reform
Promise or Threat?
A Global Tax Man?
Nationalism and Global Institutions
Inhibiting US Freedom of Action or Multiplying Its Reach?
Evolving Notions of Sovereignty
Enemies Within Enemies Without
Those Wily Europeans
Communists at Turtle Bay
Race Class and Their Legacies
America in Loyal Opposition
An Unfriendly Place?
Beijing In Taipei Out
Rock Bottom? The ZionismRacism Fiasco
A League of Democracies?
Acting Globally and Thinking Locally
Dilemmas of Force
Peace through War?
The Veto National Security and the Use of Force
Keeping the Peace National Interests and International Commitments
Uncertain Interests OpenEnded Commitments
The President Congress and War Powers
Who Should Pay for the UN?
Burden Sharing and Legal Obligations
The Article 19 Crisis
Legal Relativity and the Withholding Habit
The Withholding Debate
Layers of Mistrust
The Political Landscape
Debate Postponed Issues Unresolved
Broad Measures of Support
Who Are the Believers Skeptics and Opponents?
A Mission Impossible?
Old Realities New Opportunities
No Shortcuts or Easy Solutions
Toward a New Domestic Compact
Toward a New International Compact
Catalyst or Lightning Rod?
The Key to Opening or Locking the Door?
1st sess 2d sess action agenda Alan Keyes ambivalence American exceptionalism Assembly asserted assessment attitudes budget Cato Institute century chapter cold war collective security commitment Committee on Foreign Cong Congressional Record critics debate decisionmaking democratic developing countries domestic economic example favorable Foreign Affairs Foreign Relations Committee funding Gallup global Henry Cabot Lodge House Ibid international institutions international law international organization internationalist isolationism issues Jesse Helms Kofi Annan League of Nations legislators members of Congress ment military moreover multilateral national interests obligations Pat Robertson payments peace peacekeeping percent perspective political poll President Press principles questions reform Representative Republican responsibility role secretariat secretary secretary-general Security Council Senate Senate Foreign Relations Sept skeptics sovereignty Soviet Taft tended tion U.S. forces U.S. foreign policy U.S. representatives UN's unilateral United Nations veto vote Washington William Howard Taft Wilson withholdings world body World Order world organization York