Images and Monuments of Near Eastern Dynasts, 100 BC - AD 100
This book is an archaeological and art-historical study of the images and monuments of Roman 'client' kings in the Near East from the Taurus to Edom (modern South East Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, and Jordan) in the important transitional period between the downfall of the Seleucid empire and Rome's establishment of provincial administration across the entire region. In this volume, Kropp treats royal portraits, tombs, palaces, coins, and temples as historical documents and aims at uncovering royal identities and ideological aspirations. In particular, he focuses on the six major players: the Kommagenian, Emesan, Ituraean, Nabataean, Hasmonaean, and Herodian dynasties. The images and monuments discussed show an endless variety of eclectic styles, shapes, and types - a result of individual, deliberate choices from an array of cultural and artistic options, such as Hellenistic, Roman, and Persian. The study of their origins and importance therefore places monuments, like the Khazneh at Petra or the Temple at Jerusalem, in their proper context and allows a more nuanced understanding of their creation as expressions and constructions of royal personas.
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Agrippa Agrippa II ancient Antiochos Aramaic architecture Aretas attested Augustus Baupolitik Bernett Bronze coin bust Caesarea cella Chalkis client kings coinage conﬁrmed cornucopia courtyard cuirass cult cultural decoration Dentzer Dentzer-Feydy depicted diadem Dushara dynasts East Eastern Emesa emperor excavations facade Facella ﬁg ﬁgures ﬁnds ﬁrst century BC ﬂoor Freyberger funerary Gawlikowski Greek Hasmonaean Hauran head Heliopolis Hellenistic Hellenized Hendin Herod Herodeion Herodian Herodian palaces Ibid identiﬁed images imperial inscr inscriptions Ituraean Jericho Jerusalem Jewish Josephus Khazneh kingdom Kommagene Kommagenian Kropp laureate Lichtenberger Lysanias Malikhos Masada masonry Meshorer metres Millar minted monuments Nabataean kings nefesh Nemrud Dagi Netzer Nielsen Obodas Obodas III opus reticulatum Orontidi Palmyra Panias Parthian peristyle Petra Petra Rediscovered portraits PPUAS Ptolemy Qasr reconstructed relief Roman Rome rulers Sartre Schneider 2003 Seleukid Seyrig signiﬁcance statue Strabo style Syria Syrie temenos temple tetrarchs Tobiads tomb wall Wenning wreath Zayadine Zeus