An Introduction to the Chemistry of the Sea
Assuming no advanced knowledge of any single science, this clear survey/teaching text provides a background for most students of marine science as well as a general base from which the professional marine chemist can progress into specialized studies.* Highlights the interrelationships that exist among the various marine processes, emphasizing the chemistry of seawater as a common link. * Provides comprehensive coverage of the carbon dioxide system and its role in most areas of marine science. * Presents the principles and practices of chemical oceanography with an up-to-date, accurate and accessible approach, especially with regard to chemical measurement. * Integrates background profiles for essential topics to place the present state of the field in the context of its origin and development. * Offers a wealth of references to provide an avenue to reviews, other textbooks or more specialized literature. * Provides tables of numerical values and constants.
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THE WATER IN SEAWATER
SALINITY CHLORINrrYCONDUCTTVITY AND DENSITY
MAJOR CONSTITUENTS OF SEAWATER
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acid activity coefficients amount atmosphere atoms average basalt basins biological Black Sea Broecker CaCO3 calcite calcium carbonate calculated carbon dioxide changes chemical Chemical Oceanography chemistry chlorinity composition concentration decay deep water Deep-Sea Res denitrification density depth dissociation constant dissolved organic Earth Earth Planet effect elements equation equilibrium estimate evidence Figure flux fraction gases geochemical global Henry's law hydrogen hydrothermal increase input isotopic layer magnesium marine mass measured mercury Millero minerals mmol molecules NaCl natural nitrate nitrogen nutrients Oceanography organic carbon organic matter oxidation oxygen partial pressure particles phosphate phosphorus phytoplankton pmol ppCO2 precipitation present processes production radioactive ratio reaction regions relationship relative Reprinted with permission rivers salinity salt samples scale seawater sediments silica sinking solubility solution substances surface seawater surface water Table TCO2 temperature tion UNESCO values vapor volume water column world ocean