Celtic Languages: Brythonic Languages, Goidelic Languages, Proto-Celtic, List of Celtic Language Media, Lenition, Consonant Mutation
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 36. Chapters: Brythonic languages, Goidelic languages, Celtic place-names in Galicia, Proto-Celtic language, List of Galician words of Celtic origin, List of Celtic language media, Lenition, Consonant mutation, Insular Celtic languages, List of Spanish words of Celtic origin, Iberian scripts, Continental Celtic languages, Gallaecian language, P-Celtic and Q-Celtic languages, Gallo-Brittonic, tudes Celtiques, igse. Excerpt: The Celtic toponymy of Galicia is the whole of the ancient or modern place, river, or mountain names which were originated inside a Celtic language, and thus have Celtic etymology, and which are or were located inside the limits of modern Galicia. The Roman lighthouse knwon as 'Torre de H rcules', and in the past as 'Faro Bregancio', in A Coru a. Doors to the 'castro' of San Cibrao de L s, ancient Labiobriga or Lansbriga. The Mi o river as seen from the oppidum of Santa Tegra, A Guarda. The Tambre river, ancient Tamaris. 'Tres Bispos' peak, in Lugo province, in the westernmost extreme of the ancient Vindius mountains.In Galicia, approximately half of the non Latin toponyms transmitted from antiquity in the works of classical geographers and authors (Pomponius Mela, Pliny the Elder, Ptolemy...), or in epigraphic Roman inscriptions, have been found to be Celtic, being the other half mostly Indo-European but either arguably non Celtic, or lacking a solid Celtic etymology. Here is a non exhaustive list of toponyms which have been found to be, probably, Celtic. The most characteristic element is -bri(s), from Proto-Celtic *brigs, with its derivative *brig?, both meaning 'hill', and thence 'hillfort' and 'town'. The only type of settlement known in Galicia during the Iron Age are forts and fortified towns built in hills and peninsulas. Many of them were abandoned after the Roman conquest. In the 5th or 6th centurie...
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