Wittgenstein and critical theory: beyond postmodern criticism and toward descriptive investigations
The Crucial Point of Brill's study is that of fit: which critical methods prove most useful towards opening up which texts? Close investigations into the parameters of the language games of texts, critics, and methods enable us to determine which paths to take towards more complete descriptive analyses and critique. Such an emphasis on the philosophical method of Ludwig Wittgenstein reorients literary criticism to involve a conjoint responsibility to both reader and text as the literary critic assumes the humbler role of a guide who assists a reader in/to diverse literary texts. Wittgenstein's philosophical approach provides us with a strong means of developing such a method for literary criticism -- a method that points the way forward beyond postmodern criticisms and to a categorically new approach to literary texts.
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4 Native American Indian Literatures and the Problem
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actual aesthetics axiological biases boundaries categorically chapter clarify concept concerned constraints context critical approach critical theory criticism and theory deconstructive Derrida descriptive investigations descriptive psychology determine Dickinson discursive structures discussion Emily Dickinson entry evaluative example fact family resemblance feminist critic feminist literary criticism focus framework gender genstein grammar guage game hegemonic Historicist importance in/to insofar interpretive language-game limits literary canon literary criticism literary texts literary theory logocentric look Louise Erdrich Luci Tapahonso Ludwig Wittgenstein M. H. Abrams meaningful means mestiza metacritical method methodology Native American Indian Native American literature Navajo language game object orientation Ossorio ostensive definition perceived perspective phallogocentric play poem poem's poet poetry points postmodern poststructural preconceived privileging problem problematic readers real world reality regarding rejection relation respective language games rules stances strategies Tapahonso's theoretical approaches tion tive Witt Wittgen Wittgenstein notes Wittgenstein writes Wittgensteinian approach Wittgensteinian philosophy words