Human Nature: The Categorial Framework
This major new study by one of the most penetrating and persistent critics of philosophical and scientific orthodoxy, returns to Aristotle in order to examine the salient categories in terms of which we think about ourselves and our nature, and the distinctive forms of explanation we invoke to render ourselves intelligible to ourselves.
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The Platonic and Aristotelian traditions
category of substance
Active and passive powers of the inanimate
A. J. P. Kenny A’s reason ability agent causation animal Aristotelian Aristotle artefacts ascribe attributes behaviour believe brain Cartesian causal explanation causal relation causal theorist cause characteristic characterize cognitive conceived concept confusion consciousness constitutive count nouns creatures Descartes describe dispositions distinction event example exercise exist experience faculties feeling function G. H. von Wright goals hence Hume identity inanimate agent kind language language-games living logical mass noun means mental move movement nature normal nouns objects occur one’s arm one’s body one’s mind organs ostensive definition Oxford P. F. Strawson P. M. S. Hacker pain passive powers patient perception person philosophical possess possible predicates properties propositions psuché psychological purpose question rational reason for V-ing reference sense signify someone speak specific stuff such-and-such synthetic propositions teleological teleological explanation theory things thought typically verbs volitional voluntary Wittgenstein word