Creating Memory: A Guide to Outdoor Public Sculpture in Toronto

Front Cover
Becker Associates, 2010 - Outdoor sculpture - 347 pages
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Toronto has over 600 public outdoor sculptures, works of art that provide a sense of the rich variety of life and work in the city, its peoples, cultures and aspirations. Interest in commissioning public sculpture began slowly in the nineteenth and early twentieth century, but increased rapidly after the 1950s.This is a book about the sculptures and how they disclose the city to itself.

Creating Memory’s two introductory sections examine the factors behind this expansion over time and the changes in style as one generation of sculptors succeeded another. It looks at the reasons behind the changes as sculptures were conceived, sculpted and erected. More than 10 categories of sculptures are defined and discussed, including Founding the City, Natural Environment, Immigration, Ethnic Groups, Economic Activities, Disaster and Calamity, War And Conflict, Leaders, Ordinary Citizens, Community Life, and Works of the Imagination.
  

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Contents

Changes in Public Art in Toronto
1
Growth in the Number of Sculptures
2
to 2008
5
Battling Over the Quality of Public Art
10
Changes in Materials and in Style
12
Sculptors
15
National Context
19
Photographs
21
Brad Golden and Lynn Eichenberg Campsite Founding 1995
149
DowntownQueen Street to CollegeCarlton Street
156
Henry Moore Three Way Piece No 2The Archer 1966
161
Hamilton McCarthy Egerton Ryerson 1888
169
Midtown
175
MidtownUniversity of Toronto and Nearby Institutions
176
Kossu Eloul Zen West 1980
177
William McElcheran Great Minds in Conversation as the World Goes By1973
179

Major Categories
25
The Natural World in Toronto
26
Hinterlands Localities Transportation and Workers
30
Warriors and Conflict
31
Imperialistic Relationships
33
Population and Multiculturalism
34
Political and Civic
36
Educators and Scholars
37
Religious
38
Disaster and Calamity
40
Community Centred
41
Before 1960
42
After 1960
43
Axes and Clusters
47
1a TorontoKey to Maps
48
1b TorontoStreet Names
49
University AvenueFront Street to Queen Street
51
Daniel Heaven and Hell 200006
52
Sorel Etrog SunLife 1984
53
University AvenueQueen Street to College Street
55
Emanuel Hahn Adam Beck 193334
56
Walter Allward South African War Memorial 1910
58
Queens Park
64
Walter Allward NorthWest Rebellion Monument 1895
68
Walter Allward William Lyon Mackenzie Memorial 1940
71
Robert Reid Canadian Volunteers Monument 1870
74
Avenue RoadBloor Street to Kilbarry Road
81
Spadina AvenueRoad
82
Spadina AvenueLake Shore Boulevard West to College Street
83
Eldon Garnet and Francis LeBouthillier Memorial to Commemorate the Chinese Railroad Workers in Canada 1989
86
Stephen Cruise Uniform MeasureStack 1977
89
Spadina AvenueRoadCollege Street to Davenport Road
92
10a Brad Golden and Norman Richards Spadina Line 1991
96
WaterfrontWest of Yonge Street
99
WaterfrontYonge Street to Bathurst Street
101
WaterfrontBathurst Street to the CNE
111
WaterfrontCNE to Humber Bay
121
Downtown
123
DowntownGardiner Expressway to Front Street
124
DowntownFront Street to Queen Street
129
Al McWilliams Bronze Ring 1985
142
Joe Fafard The Pasture 1985
143
Robert Murray BeccasH 1973
188
MidtownBayBloor to Huntley Street
192
MidtownNecropolis Cemetery
202
MidtownSt Clair Avenue and Mount Pleasant Cemetery
203
MidtownSt Clair Avenue West and Eglinton AvenueWest
207
Unknown Monument to ItalianCanadian Immigrants 1998
210
Yonge Street North
212
Yonge StreetDavisville Avenue and Eglinton Avenue West Area
213
Yonge StreetYork Mills Area
218
Elizabeth Wyn Wood Dead Tree Relief 1930
219
Yonge StreetSheppard Avenue and Finch Avenue Area
221
East of Yonge Street
225
Eastern Gateways and Beyond
226
Bayview AvenueGlendon and Sunnybrook
235
Robert Murray CanadaCross Country 1998
238
Southvale Drive and Overlea Boulevard
239
Don Mills Road and Wynford Drive Don Mills
240
Leslie Street and Sheppard Avenue
244
Ellesmere Avenue Lawrence Avenue East Guildwood Park and Kingston Road
247
First Nations TaberTabor HillIndian Mound c 1250 CE
251
West of Yonge Street
257
Dufferin and Keele Streets and Baycrest Avenue
258
Bathurst Street and Sheppard Avenue West
264
Ernest Raab Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial 1991
265
Holocaust Wall of Remembrance 2001
266
Dufferin Street and Finch Avenue West
271
John McKinnon Bony Bus 2000
272
York University and Jane Street
274
Anthony Caro Crisscross Flats 1974
275
Mark di Suvero Sticky Wicket 1978
278
Linda Covit Circle of Words Garden of Thought 2002
280
Dupont Street to King Street
282
Ruth Abernethy Al Waxman 2002
286
Roncesvalles Avenue and High Park
290
Lakeshore Boulevard West to Lawrence Avenue West
295
Gerald Gladstone Galaxy 196481
298
Perspectives on Toronto Public Art
303
Bibliography
311
Index of Sculptures Carvings Landmarks and Related Concepts and Features
325
Index of Sculptors Architects and Others
341
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

John Warkentin taught geography for over three decades at York University in Toronto, and before that in Manitoba, and briefly in Newfoundland and Greenland. An historical, cultural and regional geographer, he has published extensively on the geography of Canada. For many years he has been a student and observer of the rural and urban landscapes of Canada, particularly on the impact of humans on the land. A native Manitoban, he has been a resident of Toronto since the 1960s, and first knew the city in the 1950s as a graduate student at the University of Toronto.

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