English tense and aspect in Halliday's systemic functional grammar: a critical appraisal and an alternative
This book is aimed at fellow practitioners and researchers in functional linguistics. It offers a friendly but critical appraisal of a major component of the 'standard' version of SFL, i.e. the account given by Halliday and Matthiessen of tense and aspect in English. Supporting his criticisms with evidence from a project in corpus linguistics, Bache suggests that this account fails in several ways to satisfy accepted functionalist criteria, and hence needs revising and extending. After surveying alternative functionalist approaches to modelling time and tense in English (including Fawcett's Cardiff school approach and Harder's instructional-semantic approach), and after presenting a number of principles of category description, Bache goes on to offer an alternative SFL account of this area of grammar. In Bache's model, the focus is on the speaker's communicative motivation for choosing particular verb forms. The relevant choice relations are seen to draw on metafunctionally diverse resources, such as tense, action, aspect and other domains. The basically univariate, serial structure of the verbal group is accordingly enriched with certain characteristics associated with multivariate structures, and the idea of recursion is abandoned. Finally, Bache examines the descriptive potential of his model in connection with projection, conditions, and narration.
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An introduction to the IFG model of tense
Problems with the IFG approach to tense
Towards an alternative
4 other sections not shown
a-example actional aspectual Bache basic Cardiff Grammar characteristics choosing clause complex constructions context core system core tense deictic deixis description of tense discussion distinction English tense examples Fawcett finite focus future in future future in past future in present going to take Halliday and Matthiessen Harder hits query hits total IFG model imperfective infinitive instructs the Addressee linguistic metafunction metalanguage minimal pairs modal narrative mode non-monadic nonfinite nonprogressive form past in future past in past past in present past participle past perfect past process past tense Performer's present future present in future present in past present participle present perfect present tense primary tense progressive form punctual realisations recursive relevant Section semantic simple past simple present specific Systemic Functional Grammar taking query telic temporal orientation tense category tense choice tense forms tense in English tense system tion tripartite system verbal expressions verbal group