Environmental Data Management at NOAA:: Archiving, Stewardship, and Access

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National Academies Press, Nov 16, 2007 - Science - 130 pages
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The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) collects, manages, and disseminates a wide range of climate, weather, ecosystem and other environmental data that are used by scientists, engineers, resource managers, policy makers, and others in the United States and around the world. The increasing volume and diversity of NOAA's data holdings - which include everything from satellite images of clouds to the stomach contents of fish - and a large number of users present NOAA with substantial data management challenges. NOAA asked the National Research Council to help identify the observations, model output, and other environmental information that must be preserved in perpetuity and made readily accessible, as opposed to data with more limited storage lifetime and accessibility requirements. This report offers nine general principles for effective environmental data management, along with a number of more specific guidelines and examples that explain and illustrate how these principles could be applied at NOAA.
  

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Contents

Introduction
9
Background
12
PREVIOUS WORK
26
Overarching Principles
32
Data Stewardship
41
DATA AND METADATA PRESERVATION
43
SCIENTIFIC ASSESSMENT AND IMPROVEMENT
46
DATA SUPPORT SERVICES AND TOOLS
50
DISCOVERY
72
BARRIERS TO ACCESS
77
INTEGRATION
81
Integrated Data Management at NOAA
85
VISION AND FRAMEWORK
86
CONCLUDING THOUGHTS
94
References
96
Statement of Task
101

DATA STEWARDSHIP AT NOAA
52
What to Archive
55
DATA TYPES
57
THE IMPORTANCE OF STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT
64
Data Discovery Access and Integration
69
USER CONSIDERATIONS
70
Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
102
NOAA Data Information and Products
109
Terms of Reference for NOAAs Data Archiving and Access Requirements DAAR Working Group
112
Acronyms and Initialisms
114
Copyright

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Page vii - Library (NAL), the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the Hamilton Library of the University of Hawaii.

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