College Park, Maryland, owes its name and much of its history to the Maryland Agricultural College, which was founded in 1856 under the Morrill Act and built on land donated by the Calvert family. The original goal of the college was to provide a scientific education to the sons of Maryland farmers, but the college grew far beyond those early dreams to become the flagship campus of the University of Maryland. The rich history of College Park also reflects its strong transportation heritage related to roads, railroads, streetcars, and air travel. College Parks development was fueled by its proximity to Route 1, the nations first highway, and the B&O Railroad, a few blocks to the east. With the advent of the trolley line, College Park became a streetcar suburb, as people commuted to and from Washington, D.C. The College Park Airport is the<br>
worlds oldest continuously operating airport and the site of many aviation firsts, including early flight experiments and instructions led by Wilbur Wright.
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aircraft airmail Berwyn Heights Berwyn Road Branchville built Byrd Calvert Road campus Charles Benedict Calvert City of College College Avenue College Park Airfield College Park Aviation College Park Boys College Park station College Park Volunteer College Park Woman's County Historical Society Courtesy of City Courtesy of College Courtesy of Frances courtesy of Gary Courtesy of Leland Courtesy of Special developed flight Frances Keefauver Hoyert Frances White Walker Gary Burton George's County Historical Girls Club Haddaway Harwood Jr Holy Redeemer Catholic House John Oliver Johnson Joyce White Richardson Lakeland left to right Leland Scott Collection located Maryland Agricultural College Maryland Agricultural Experiment Maryland Libraries Morrill Hall Oliver Johnson Park Aviation Museum Park Volunteer Fire Park Woman's Club Photograph by Roy photograph shows pilots plane Prince George's County Railroad Redeemer Catholic Church Rhode Island Avenue Rossborough Roy Waite shown Special Collections streetcar trolley University of Maryland Volunteer Fire Department