living in what is now the British Provinces of Canada and Nova Scotia were strong adherents of the cause of Great Britain. They called themselves "Loyalists," but were generally known and designated at "Tories." There was also in Canada a minority who were strongly in favor of the cause of the colonies as against the cause of the king. The result was that many Tories fled from the colonies to Canada and induced the Mohawk Indians and many of the Indians belonging to other tribes of the Iroquois then living in the state of New York, to join them in hostilities against the patriots or colonists. These refugees to Canada and their Indian allies remained in active hostilities to the people of the colonies throughout the war of the Revolution, during which time they caused great devastation and destruction of life and property in almost every part of the State of New York, but particularly throughout the Mohawk Valley. The operations of these refugees to Canada and their Indian allies, constitutes the most dreadful chapter in the history of that war.

On the other hand, those who lived in Canada and sympathized with the cause of the colonies fled from that country and actively and determinedly espoused the cause of the colnoies against the mother country. Those who fled from Canada were called "Refugees from Canada;" and those who fled from the colonies to Canada were called "Refugees to Canada." Of the refugees from Canada, the three Livingston brothers, before mentioned, were among the most conspicuous and active in their efforts in favor of the colonies. They got together in Canada about three hundred sympathizers and succeeded in the face of great difficulties and dangers in bringing them safely over the border into the State of New York, where they were merged into a New York regiment, of which James Livingston became the colonel, Richard the lieutenant colonel, and Abraham a captain. This regiment was immediately assigned to the command then organizing under General Schuyler and General Richard Montgomery for the invasion of Canada, with the view of wresting that country from British dominion. General Schuyler's health failing, the command of the expedition devolved upon General Richard Montgomery, whose wife was a near relative of the three Livingston brothers before mentioned, he having married into the Livingston family.

General Montgomery very successfully commanded the expedition and took possession of all the country along the St. Lawrence as far as Quebec, which stronghold he assaulted on the last night of December, 1775, where he met his death. The command of the invading army then fell upon Benedict Arnold, who was second in command and who was then a very active and capable officer of the Colonial army. He succeeded «in withdrawing the American army from Canada, but not without great difficulties, hardships and sufferings.

Col. James Livingston served as colonel of his regiment during the entire seven years war. The British authorities confiscated his property and estate and declared him to be a rebel and an outlaw and set a heavy price upon his head. He, however, was fortunate enough never to fall into the hands of the Tories and their allies — the Mohawk and other Indians of the Iroquois tribe.

After the war was closed he remained with his family in the state of New York and served for eight years in the Legislature of that state and held other positions of trust and honor. He died in 1832 at the advanced age of eighty-six years.

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WESTCREST BUILT BY DAVID TAYLOR 1842-3. PROPERTY OF HENRY C. TAYLOR.

In 1801 the Congress of the United States passed an act intended in part to remunerate the "Refugees from Canada" whose property had been confiscated or destroyed on account of their loyalty to the American cause. Under the provisions of that act there was set off to Col. James Livingston land to the amount of 1,280 acres to be located on the "Refugee Tract," on a part of which the city of Columbus now stands. The patents for a part of these lands were turned over to his son, Edward Chinn Livingston, who was then a young man just out of college and who soon thereafter (1804) came to Ohio and took possession of the lands given him by his father. All the lands granted to Col. James Livingston were in what is known in law and history as the "Refugee Tract." They were all located along Alum creek, just east of the city of Columbus.

The "Refugee Tract," as s'et apart by the government for the special purpose before mentioned, was a strip of land four and a half miles wide from north to south and about fifty miles from east to west, extending from the east bank of the Scioto river to near the Muskingum river. The city of Columbus is situated on the west end of this tract and what is now Fifth Avenue was the north line of the tract, and what is now Steelton was the south boundary. The whole contained about 136,000 acres. All that part of the Refugee Tract which lies in Franklin County was embraced in Montgomery and Truro townships. To Edward Chinn Livingston was given the honor of naming Montgomery township, after General Richard Montgomery, with whom his father had been associated in the Revolutionary war, and who was with him at the time he fell at Quebec. A similar honor was granted to Robert Taylor, in giving him the privilege of naming Truro township after the town of Truro in the Province of Nova Scotia, from whence he came.

There was at the time of his coming to this country no sign of the city of Columbus beyond a few log cabins a half mile west of the Scioto river on what is now called West Broad street, and at that time called Franklinton. Letters in my possession, written before the location of Columbus was settled, show that Judge Edward C. Livingston was very anxious to have the state capital established on the east side of the Scioto River and that he used every influence possible to bring about that result.

When Judge Livingston came to the county the Nelson family, the White family and the Moobery family were the only residents along Alum creek in that neighborhood. The Nelson family, the White family and the Livingston family still own and occupy portions of these lands after the passing of a hundred years. The Moobery family have no representatives now living in the country, in so far as we are aware.

On March 17th, 1807, Edward Chinn Livingston was married to Martha Nelson. There were born of that marriage children as follows: James, Margaret, Edward, Caroline, Adaline, Angelica, Robert and Martha. James was the oldest son, who, when he was yet a young man, located in Livingston county, in north Missouri, where he died about the year 1850. Margaret (my mother), the oldest daughter, was born November 2, 1809, and was married to my father, David Taylor May 16th, 1836, and died February 12th, 1895. Edward, the second son lived until his death some thirty years ago, on a part of his father's land, which some of his children still own and occupy. Caroline and Angelica died childless more than thirty years ago. Adaline (Mrs. Elijah Marion), Robert and Martha are still living. Robert owns and occupies the lands where he was born almost eighty years ago.

Under the date of December 14th, 1810, Edward C. Livingston was appointed colonel of the 2nd Regiment, 4th Brigade and 2nd Division of Militia of Ohio, by Return Jonathan Meigs, governor.

During the war of 1812 he assembled the regiment to be in readiness for service in the war then in progress against Tecumseh and his Indians and Proctor and his British soldiers, but the regiment was not called on for active service. He also served as one of the associate judges for Franklin county from 1821 to 1829. His death occurred November 13, 1843.

TAYLOR FAMILY.

The Taylor family, as stated before, had its origin in Argyle, Scotland, from whence they removed to the north of Ireland in 1620. They remained in and about the city of Londonderry until 1720, when Matthew Taylor, the progenitor of this branch of the Taylor family in America, came in a colony from Londonderry, Ireland, to New Hampshire. The colony was composed entirely of what is known as Scotch-Irish people. The governor of Massachusetts alloted to them lands on which this colony settled and which they began to improve when it was found that the land was in fact over the line in New Hampshire. The governor of New Hampshire, however, confirmed the grant and the. colony remained in that location. They gave to the settlement the name of Londonderry, which has since been changed to and is now known as Derry, New Hampshire. This location was then the very frontier of civilization. All beyond to the north and west was a wilderness and the home of the Algonquin Indians. It was here that Matthew Taylor, Jr., was born on October 30th, 1727. While living at this place he was married to Miss Archibald, and of this marriage there were born six sons and two daughters. The fourth son was named Robert. The date of his birth was April 11th, 1759.

Matthew Taylor, Jr., continued to reside at Derry, New Hampshire, with his family until after the close of the "old French war" (1764), when by the terms of peace the province of Nova Scotia came under British dominion. Shortly after that event Matthew Taylor, Jr., and his family, with other families of the original New Hampshire colony, migrated from Derry, New Hampshire, to Nova Scotia and settled in the town of Truro on the Bay of Fundy. On December 6th, 1781, at Truro, Robert was married to Mehetabel Wilson, whose parents were also Scotch-Irish people. There were born of that marriage four sons and three daughters, David being the youngest of the brothers and the youngest of the family, except one sister, Susan. He was born at Truro, Nova Scotia, July 24th, 1801. The older sons were named respectively Vinton, Matthew and James. The entire family came to Chillicothe, Ohio, in September, 1806. They came by sea to Philadelphia, where they purchased teams and wagons and passed through Pennsylvania and over the Alleghany mountains to the town of Wheeling, at which place the family, except the two older brothers, with the most of their effects, were placed on a keel boat and floated down the Ohio river to Portsmouth at the mouth of the Scioto. The two older sons, Vinton and Matthew, brought the wagons through the wilderness from Wheeling to Chillicothe.

While living in Chillicothe, Robert Taylor, the head of the family, determined to settle upon the lands situated in what is now Truro township, Franklin county, and with that view he constructed a frame house

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MOUND ON RIDGE NEAR BIG WALNUT CREEK, NORTH SIDE NATIONAL ROAD.
IN PLAIN VIEW FROM WESTCREST. MOUND IS 200 FT. IN DIAMETER
AT BASE AND 30 FT. HIGH.

on his lands, which the family came to occupy in March, 1808. This was the fourth house constructed in what has since become and is now Truro township. The other three were primitive log cabins and they and their tenants have long since disappeared.

David Taylor lived with his father's family in this house until 1826, when he was intermarried with Nancy T. Nelson, who died in 1832, leaving two children, Eliza and Robert N. At the time of his marriage he constructed his first residence on the south portion of the

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