Biological, Social, and Organizational Components of Success for Women in Academic Science and Engineering:: Workshop Report

Front Cover

During the last 40 years, the number of women studying science and engineering (S&E) has increased dramatically. Nevertheless, women do not hold academic faculty positions in numbers that commensurate with their increasing share of the S&E talent pool. The discrepancy exists at both the junior and senior faculty levels. In December 2005, the National Research Council held a workshop to explore these issues. Experts in a number of disciplines met to address what sex-differences research tells us about capability, behavior, career decisions, and achievement; the role of organizational structures and institutional policy; cross-cutting issues of race and ethnicity; key research needs and experimental paradigms and tools; and the ramifications of their research for policy, particularly for evaluating current and potential academic faculty. Biological, Social, and Organizational Components of Success for Women in Academic Science and Engineering consists of three elements: an introduction, summaries of panel discussions including public comment sessions, and poster abstracts.

  

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Contents

PANEL SUMMARY
10
GENDER DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES IN ABILITIES
11
SEXUAL DIMORPHISM IN THE DEVELOPING BRAIN
15
EFFECTS OF STRESS ON LEARNING
17
BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE
20
SELECTIONS FROM THE QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION
24
SOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS
28
PANEL SUMMARY
29
BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE
113
GENDER SIMILARITIES IN ABILITIES AND SOCIOCULTURAL FORCES
127
CREATING AN INCLUSIVE WORK ENVIRONMENT
137
WHY ARE THERE STILL SO FEW WOMEN IN ACADEMIC SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING?
149
SOCIAL INFLUENCES ON SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CAREER DECISIONS
166
POSTER ABSTRACTS
175
POLICY AND PRAXIS ADVANCING WOMEN IN HIGHER EDUCATION AND INFLUENCING OUTCOMES
177
HUMAN AND SOCIAL CAPITAL DESCRIPTORS
178

IMPLICIT AND EXPLICIT GENDER DISCRIMINATION
30
CONTEXTUAL INFLUENCES ON PERFORMANCE
32
INTERACTIONS BETWEEN POWER AND GENDER
38
SOCIAL INFLUENCES ON SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CAREER DECISIONS
42
SELECTIONS FROM THE QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION
44
ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES
48
PANEL SUMMARY
49
MOVING BEYOND THE CHILLY CLIMATE TO A NEW MODEL FOR SPURRING ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE
51
ECONOMICS OF GENDERED DISTRIBUTION OF RESOURCES IN ACADEME
56
CHALLENGES OPPORTUNITIES AND THE VALUE OF POLICIES
61
SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS IN UNIVERSITIES AND CORPORATIONS
64
SELECTIONS FROM THE QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION
69
IMPLEMENTING POLICIES
72
PANEL SUMMARY
73
RECRUITMENT PRACTICES
74
REACHING INTO MINORITY POPULATIONS
81
CREATING AN INCLUSIVE WORK ENVIRONMENT
89
SUCCESSFUL PRACTICES IN INDUSTRY
91
SELECTIONS FROM THE QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION
93
SELECTED WORKSHOP PAPERS
97
THE ECONOMICS OF GENDER DIFFERENCES IN EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES IN ACADEMIA
99
SCIENCE IS FOUNDATION FOR LEADERSHIP
180
CASE STUDIES FROM THE FEMALE ENGINEERING PROFESSORIATE
181
THE ROLE OF INFORMAL ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES ON WOMEN IN THE HEALTH SCIENCES
182
HOW DO FEMALE AND MALE FACULTY MEMBERS CONSTRUCT JOB SATISFACTION?
183
AN INTEGRATED COACHING AND MENTORING PROGRAM FOR UNIVERSITY TRANSFORMATION
184
GENDER AND PROMOTION AT A TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
185
WOMEN IN ACADEMIC PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY
186
THE CASE OF FACULTY WOMEN OF COLOR
187
INITIATIVES TO INCREASE RECRUITMENT RETENTION AND ADVANCEMENT OF WOMEN IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING DISCIPLI...
188
EFFECTIVE PRACTICES FOR STEM FACULTY DIVERSITY
189
THREE SUCCESS STORIES
190
INSTITUTIONAL TRANSFORMATION AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
191
SPEAKING TO SCIENTIST ABOUT DIVERSITY
192
LEADERSHIP WORKSHOPS TO EFFECT CULTURAL CHANGE
193
SUCCESSFUL RECRUITMENT OF WOMEN TO STEM AT UCI
194
WORKSHOP AGENDA
199
SPEAKER BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION
202
COMMITTEE ON MAXIMIZING THE POTENTIAL OF WOMEN IN ACADEMIC SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMA...
211
STATEMENT OF TASK
221
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