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Heads Of The Charges Brought Against Lord Clarendon In The House Of Commons, On The 26th Day Of October, 1667.
[From the Bodleian Library.]
October 26, 67.
The heads of particulars to w*h the Earle of Clarendon was charged in ye House of Commons, were to ye effect following: —
That hee should receive 40001. for passing and supporting the Canary Patent, and shoutd say, that as long as ye King was King, and hee Chancellour, that Patent should stand.
That, to prevent ye effects of impeachmen" in the House of Commons, hee had putt ye seale to ye pdons of the Earl of Sandwich and Ld Mordent.
That hee had alienated lands from ye Crowne, pticularly Clarendon and Cornbury.
That when ye Comm" of ye Customes acted as such, hee shared £ of ye profits; afterwards, when by him made Farmers, he was allowed ^10000 yearly, to inable him to raise monuments of his greatnesse, whilst ye kingdome groaned under his oppressions.
That hee received 50000/. for ye settlement of Ireland, and had a tribute payd him from all Governors of foreign plantacons.
That hee had declared that the King was insufficient for Governm', and Popishly affected.
That when the miscarriages happned at Chatham, and all were under a consternation of spiritt, hee then took an ocasion to psuade his Maty how uselesse ye 400 men at Westmr were, fitt only to give him money, but not for governement, and advised their dissolution, and to governe by a standing army. It being objected how they should bee payd, hee ansd, as his father's army was, by free quarter and contribution.
That he had been soe insolent at s'rall times, to checque the King himselfe.
That hee hindered ye due execution of ye late Act of Uniformity; and it might bee expected hee had no kindnes for the Act, having rifled ye late murdered ArchBpp's papers.
That, upon all occasions, hee discouraged ye poor and suffering Royallists.
That hee sold places and offices, and snipt with others in publique employm'*.
That hee held correspondence with Cromwell, and reca money from him upon y' account.
That hee had often urged it as a true doctrine, to Bp Dupper, that hee being next Minister of State to ye King, noe power could inquire into his actions.
That before ye beginning of ye warre with ye Dutch, hee always assured ye King that there would bee noe warre with them, notwithstanding their preparation for warre, but y' they would come to accomodations with us in our demands; in so much, that if Providence, in great mercy, had not sent a wind that continued at a point soe long, to ye keeping ym from coming out, wee might have been ruined at first, for y' gave us time and opptunity to garde.
Extracts From The Narrative Of Sir Philip Monckton.
; [From the British Museum. Lamdown MS. 988. /. 347.]
"Upon the 20th of Jauuary1 following, a householder in Tutlestreet told Peterboro that Mr Jesse had lately been imprisoned about the killing of Charles Stuart; and that ther were three ordained to do the work, but were discovered by some villain; but, saith he, we will stirr, and Mr Jesse, Mr Griffin, Mr Tull, Mr Harrison, Capt" Malbourn, and Captain Larking have their meetings in London to carry on the work of the Lord, and they were here not many days since. I went immediately with this information to the Lord Chancellors house, and sent him word that I had a paper of concernment to impart unto him; upon which he admitted me into his cabinet; and, upon showing him this information, he bad me sit down, and said, 'Sir Philip, let us talk.' Saith the Lord Chancellor, ' Do you know these men?' 'No,' said I. 'But,' saith he, 'I tell you I know them all: as for Griffin, Tull, and 'many of the rest, they are rich men, and will not be apt to 'hazard what they have; and as for this Jesse, he is a silly 'old fellow: if he be any thing, he is a fool; and so that he 'may please himself with talking a little—that will be all '—which being contemned, will soon come to nothing. * There is no danger of him, or these men. But, Sir,' said he, ' there are a sect of people that are to be feared indeed '—the Presbyterians, the Republicans—these men are to 'be feared indeed.' I, not knowing any practice of these men against their Prince, said nothing against them, but admired his integrity,1 of which, in the following story,
you will see a strange discovery, by his profession of kindness to men that he condemned to me, and did strangely revile in presence of the King and Councill.
I being very desirous to have that most excellent man, Mr Bowles, the Minister of York, that did his Prince and country such singular service in breaking of Lambert's army, to conform to the discipline of the Church, knowing that his example would contribute more to the tranquillity and amity of it than any one mans in the whole of England — I pressed him very earnestly to conform, at which he smiled, and told me the act would not be put in execution; for, saith he, the Lord Chancellor is our friend, and you will find his power able to overrule it, which he hath promised.
"Come, said I, Mr Bowles, he will deceive you; for upon the information which was against Mr Jesse, Tull, GriflBn, and others, which I told Mr Bowles at large, he said the Presbyterians were only to be feared. • Come,' said Mr Bowles, * there is cunning in daubing. I will tell you a tale 'for your tale.'
"Mr Jenkins, an eminent preacher of our perswasion, was commanded to appear at the Councell Board for some sedition that he had preached in a sermon. He was told that the Ld Chancellor would be his friend; but, upon his coming before the Board, the Ld Chancellor fell upon him with the greatest violence imaginable, and did strangely revile him in the presence of the King. But, said Mr Bowles, Mr Jenkins was advised by him that told him he should find the Chancellor his friend, to make him a visit shortly after; which he did. Upon the sending in of his name to the Chancellor, he was immediately called into his cabinet; when the Chancellor, receiving of him into his arms, told him (saying dear Mr. Jenkins),'You must not 'think much at the language you had from me at the Coun'cell Board — those were but words of course. I am your 'real friend, and a friend to all your friends, as you shall 'find me.' I, thinking this story very strange, went immediately with it to my Lord Ashley, who I found at my Ld Treasurers, who, upon the sending in of my name, came presently to me very pleasantly singing, after his way. I asked him if there had been one Mr. Jenkins lately at the Councell Board? Yes, said he. Was the Ld Chancellor angry with him? said I. Yes, said he. Then, said I, if you love the King's safety, look to it, and tell him this story, which I had from Mr Bowles: which as soon as he had heard, he left me without speaking of a word, and went away as mute as he came merrily.
"You see how he mocks and contemns God, by recommending integrity and reformation of life to the nation, upon such severe ~penalties as the driving away of Gods name from us; and yet he so little regards that God, that never man dealt so falsely with the safety of his Soveraigne and most indulgent Master's life, by caressing those that he had reviled, in the presence of his Majesty, for seditious discourses, and by excusing others that were disigning his assassination, and giving them that liberty that nothing durst have done, but one that was ready to burst with ambition and impatiency of seeing himself Protector, that he might have equalled his friend and hero, as well in power as in impiety."
Monkton is also very angry with Lord Clarendon for setting at liberty one Suttcliffe, against whom allegations were made.
He also imputes to Clarendon, that, after the Restoration, one morning S' John, Thurloe, and Lenthal were seen to come out of his cabinet.
He also considers it a great offence that Clarendon shd have promoted Glynn and Maynard — " guilty," he says, " of the blood of Sir H. Slingsby, Hewitt, and Pen"ruddock."
He says, "Truly this act was in my judgment so horridly "dishonourable to the King, and would be of such per"nicious consequence, that I did presume to admonish