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absolute action aesthetics Aesthetik antithesis argument Aristotle attempt attributes causal character classification concepts connection consciousness contents course criticism defined definition of philosophy deism Descartes determine discussion distinction dualism empirical empiricism enquiry epistemology ethics eudaemonism existence experience external fact feeling Geschichte give Hegel Herbart human hypothesis idea ideal independent individual investigation Kant Kant's Lastly Leibniz logic Lotze material mathematical matter means mechanical mental metaphysics method mind mind-substance modern monism moral conduct moral judgment motives natural philosophy natural science objective original pantheism particular perception phenomena philosophical disciplines philosophy of history philosophy of law philosophy of religion physical Plato position possible principle problem processes psychical psychology purely purpose question rational realised reason reflexion regarded relation scepticism schools scientific knowledge sense simply special sciences standpoint subject-matter subjective subjective idealism substance teleological theism theoretical theory things thought transcendent universal validity volition Wundt
Page 127 - Spinoza as his guide, and define substance as "that which exists in itself, and is conceived by itself — ie, the conception of which can be formed without the aid of the conception of anything else.
Page 149 - Here it is always the effect that is given, — whether we term it 'life' or the 'preservation of the individual' or the 'preservation of the species' or 'form.' The factors which produce the effect are, on the other hand, so manifold and so inconstant that we can never argue with any certainty to a particular causal connection A simple mechanistic theory of vital phenomena is consequently both impracticable and valueless, however sure we may be that, at bottom, organic processes are as universally...
Page 75 - A large number of good and suggestive works have been published, of which only a few can be mentioned here.
Page 9 - Philosophy ! thou director of our lives, thou friend of virtue and enemy of vice ! What were we, what were the life of man at all, but for thee.
Page 117 - As metaphysical standpoint, materialism appears in a monistic (ie, singularistic : cf. § 14. 3) and a dualistic form. On the dualistic hypothesis there are two kinds of matter, a coarser and a finer, a more inert and a more mobile ; on the monistic, there is but one, — matter is unitary throughout. Finally, the monistic form itself has three subdivisions : attributive materialism, which makes mind an attribute of matter ; causal materialism, which makes it an effect of matter; and equative materialism,...
Page 214 - ... history, but springs from a preformed ethical judgment which finds certain activities or purposes more valuable than others. Evolutionism is a theory, that is, but not a norm ; it gives us an explanation of particular facts, but no precepts or laws by which we might regulate our actions. It follows that the antithesis of intuitionism and empiricism is not of essential significance for ethics.
Page 140 - But since divine existence is possessed of a countless number of other attributes, its true nature remains unknown to us.
Page 140 - Spinoza's one infinite substance, God or causa sui, is possessed of innumerable attributes. Only two of them, however, are accessible to human knowledge: extension and thought. Each of these finds expression in particular 'modes.
Page 92 - Klilpe of Wiirzburg, considers that it was important in the history of religion : " the earliest independent treatment of the philosophy of religion is, perhaps, to be found in the writings of the English ' freethinkers ' of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Toland, Tindal, etc. These men set out to lay a new foundation for the contents of religion in a criticism of Christianity and the doctrines of the Church.
Page 59 - ... unitary whole; and it is only the habit of abstract reflection upon experience that makes the objective and subjective worlds seem to fall apart as originally different forms of existence. Just as a plane curve can be represented in analytical geometry as the function of two variables, the...