Green Imperialism: Colonial Expansion, Tropical Island Edens and the Origins of Environmentalism, 1600-1860

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Cambridge University Press, Mar 29, 1996 - Business & Economics - 540 pages
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Green Imperialism is the first book to document the origins and early history of environmentalism, concentrating especially on its hitherto unexplained colonial and global aspects. It highlights the significance of Utopian, Physiocratic, and medical thinking in the history of environmentalist ideas. The book shows how the new critique of the colonial impact on the environment depended on the emergence of a coterie of professional scientists, and demonstrates both the importance of the oceanic island "Eden" as a vehicle for new conceptions of nature and the significance of colonial island environments in stimulating conservationist notions.
  

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Contents

Edens islands and early empires
16
Indigenous knowledge and the significance of SouthWest India for Portuguese and Dutch constructions of tropical nature
73
The English and Dutch East India companies and the seventeenth century environmental crisis in the colonies
95
Stephen Hales and some Newtonian antecedents of climatic environmentalism 17001763
153
Protecting the climate of paradise Pierre Poivre and the conservation of Mauritius under the ancien régime
168
Climate conservation and Carib resistance The British and the forests of the Eastern Caribbean 17601800
264
The beginnings of global environmentalism Professional science oceanic islands and the East India Company 17681838
309
Diagnosing crisis The East India Company medical services and the emergence of state conservationism in India 17601857
380
The colonial state and the origins of western environmentalism
474
Select bibliography
487
Index
527
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Page 497 - Remarks on the influence of climate, situation, nature of country, population, nature of food, and way of life, on the disposition and temper, manners and behaviour, intellects, laws and customs, form of government and religion of mankind.

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