The Boer War 1899-1902
Victorious in its previous campaigns in Africa against native armies, Britain now confronted an altogether different foe. The Boers proved to be formidable opponents, masterfully compensating for inferior numbers with grim determination, resourcefulness and strong religious faith. Their mobility, expert use of cover, and knowledge of the terrain, in which they employed powerful long-range magazine rifles, gave them initial advantages. By contrast the British suffered from inadequate transport, insufficient mounted troops and poor intelligence. Despite marshalling the immense resources of their empire, the British were to be severely tested in a war which one general described as ‘the graveyard of many a soldier’s reputation’.
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27 February Action advance Afrikaner ammunition Ann Ronan Picture annexed armed artillery attack Baden-Powell Battle began Black Week blockhouses Bloemfontein Boer forces Boer republics Brigade Britain British Army British forces British troops Buller burghers campaign Cape Colony Cape rebels captured casualties cavalry Chamberlain Christiaan de Wet civilians Colenso commandos concentration camps conflict Cronje December defense diamonds Emily Hobhouse Empire fighting fire French front garrison Government guns Hill Hobhouse imperial independence infantry Jameson Jameson Raid January Johannesburg Joubert killed Kimberley Kitchener Kruger large numbers London losses Louis Botha Mafeking Magersfontein March Methuen military million Milner Modder River Natal November October Orange Free Orange River Osprey peace political position Pretoria raid railway line Reitz remained Rhodes rifle Roberts Roberts's Ronan Picture Library siege Smuts soldiers South Africa Spion Kop Steyn strategic suffered tactics thousands town Transvaal Tugela Uitlanders veld Vereeniging victory weapons wounded Zulus