Martin Luther: His road to Reformation, 1483-1521 (Google eBook)

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Fortress Press - Religion - 576 pages
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This first volume in Martin Brecht's three-volume biography recounts Luther's youth and young adulthood up to the period of the Diet of Worms. Brecht, in a clear, eloquent translation by James Schaaf, discusses Luther's education at the University of Erfurt, his monastic life, his canonical trial in 1519, the Leipzig debate, and his earliest contributions to the beginning of the Reformation. Illustrations enrich the text.
  

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Contents

Ancestry Childhood Schooling
1
2 ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL STATUS
3
3 THE SON AND THE PARENTS
6
4 MANSFELD
9
5 SCHOOL
12
6 MAGDEBURG
15
7 EISENACH
17
Study at the University of Erfurt
23
3 LUTHERS ACADEMIC AND THEOLOGICAL ACTIVITY 151821
286
The Leipzig Debate and Its Consequences
299
2 THE COURSE OF THE DEBATE
309
3 SUBSEQUENT EVENTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE LEIPZIG DEBATE
322
Initial Voices
323
Melanchthons Report
324
Luthers Explanation of the Leipzig Theses
325
Ecks Denunciation to Frederick the Wise
326

2 THE UNIVERSITY OF ERFURT
27
3 BEGINNING OF STUDIES LIFE AND STUDIES IN THE BURSA
29
4 THE STUDY OF PHILOSOPHY
32
5 ERFURT HUMANISM AND LUTHER
38
6 THE EPISODE OF STUDYING LAW
44
7 THE CRISIS
46
First Period in the Monastery
51
2 THE MONASTERY OF THE AUGUSTINIAN HERMITS IN ERFURT
55
3 ADMISSION NOVITIATE AND PROFESSION
58
4 LIFE AS A MONK
63
5 THE MASS AND THE PRIEST
70
6 THE ANFECHTUNGENTHE JUDGING CHRIST AND DOUBT ABOUT ELECTION
76
7 THE BIBLE
82
8 THE STUDY OF THEOLOGY
90
9 JOURNEY TO ROME AND FINAL TRANSFER TO WITTENBERG
98
The Scene of Luthers Real Activity Wittenbergthe City and University in Electoral Saxony
107
His Initial Stages and Critical Definitions in Theology and Piety 151217
125
2 THE FIRST LECTURES AND THEIR THEOLOGY OF HUMILITY
128
3 CONFIRMATION THROUGH MYSTICISM
137
4 THE CHURCH AND MONASTICISM IN THE EARLY LECTURES
144
5 LUTHER BECOMES A PREACHER
150
6 LUTHER AS A MONK AND DISTRICT VICAR OF HIS ORDER
155
7 FIRST STEPS INTO ACADEMIC NOTICE SEPARATION FROM HUMANISM DECLARATION OF WAR ON SCHOLASTIC THEOLOGY
161
The Twofold Turning Point The Attack on Indulgences and the Reformatory Discovery Fall 1517Summer 1518
175
1 THE CAUSES OF THE INDULGENCE CONTROVERSY
176
2 LUTHERS OPINION ABOUT INDULGENCES BEFORE THE OUTBREAK OF THE ACTUAL CONFLICT
183
THE LETTERS TO THE BISHOPS AND THE NINETYFIVE THESES
190
4 REACTIONS TO LUTHERS ATTACK ON INDULGENCES AND THE EFFECT OF THE THESES
202
5 THE INNER TURNING POINTTHE REFORMATORY DISCOVERY
221
The First Phases of Luthers Canonical Trial to the Summer of 1519
239
1 THE BEGINNING OF THE TRIAL IN SUMMER 1518
240
2 THE HEARING BEFORE CAJETAN IN AUGSBURG
246
3 THE MISSION OF THE PAPAL CHAMBERLAIN KARL VON MILTITZ
265
Reform of University and Scholarship in League with Humanism
275
2 THE FIRST RESPONSE OF THE HUMANISTS TO THE WITTENBERGERS
282
The Controversy with the Franciscans in Juterbog and Its Consequences
327
The Exchange of Letters with Dungersheim
330
Luther and the Bohemians
331
The Argument with Emser
332
Oecolampadius and Spengler Support Luther
335
Staupitz
336
The Nonappearance of the Verdict from Erfurt and Paris
337
The Condemnation by Louvain and Cologne
338
New Initiatives by Miltitz
341
The Controversy with Alfeld Over the Papacy
343
Eck in Rome
348
The Reformatory Program
349
I INITIAL NEW FORMULATIONS OF PIETY
351
2 INITIAL COMMENTS ON PRACTICAL QUESTIONS OF LIFE
355
3 THE FIRST FORM OF THE NEW UNDERSTANDING OF THE SACRAMENTS
358
4 THE NEW ETHICS
365
5 TO THE CHRISTIAN NOBILITY OF THE GERMAN NATION CONCERNING THE REFORM OF THE CHRISTIAN ESTATE
369
6 A PRELUDE ON THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY OF THE CHURCHTHE FINAL FORMULATION OF THE REFORMATION UNDERSTANDI...
380
7 THE PROBLEM OF REALIZING THE REFORMATORY PROGRAM
385
The Excommunication
389
2 LUTHER AND FREDERICK THE WISE AWAITING THE BULL
397
3 ECKS PROCLAMATION OF THE BULL AND THE ENSUING REACTIONS
400
4 INITIAL STRUGGLES SURROUNDING THE EMPERORS ATTITUDE TOWARD LUTHERS CAUSE
415
5 LUTHERS BURNING OF THE PAPAL LAW AND THE BULL1
423
6 LUTHER UNDER EXCOMMUNICATION
426
Luther and the Diet of Worms of 1521
433
2 THE JOURNEY TO WORMS
448
3 BEFORE EMPEROR AND EMPIRE
452
4 THE NEGOTIATIONS OF THE IMPERIAL ESTATES COMMISSION WITH LUTHER
464
5 RETURN JOURNEY AND CAPTURE THE EDICT OF WORMS
470
Abbreviations
477
Notes
479
Index
541
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