Forms of Servitude in Northern and Central Europe: Decline, Resistance, and Expansion
Paul H. Freedman, Monique Bourin
Brepols, 2005 - History - 449 pages
In the nineteenth and early-twentieth century it was assumed that nearly all agricultural labourers in medieval Europe were serfs. Serfdom was distinct from slavery in that serfs were recognized as something more than chattels. They could contract legitimate marriages, hold personal property and they could not be moved around at will. The fact that serfs were in many regions a minority of the peasant population, and the increasing importance given to social and economic circumstances over legal definitions led historians to move away from examining servile condition and its implications during much of the late twentieth century. Attention has instead focused on the seigneurial regime and village society with little regard for the influence of status. In the Middle Ages and indeed in all pre-industrial societies, the vast majority of the population tilled the land. We are still not in a good position to evaluate how noble and ecclesiastical landlords received revenues from lands they were only indirectly engaged in farming, thus there are important gaps in our knowledge of the basic factors that governed medieval society. What kind of agricultural system provided the impetus for economic growth that so dramatically increased the number of cities and volume of trade? There is no modern, synthetic book on medieval serfdom that compares regions or draws general conclusions about it. This work attempts such a synthesis and also shows avenues of future research, but most importantly it is intended to reorient attention to the importance of serfdom in the structure of medieval society.
30 pages matching eigen in this book
Results 1-3 of 30
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
de servus à homo
Nommer les serfs dans la terre de SaintClaude
12 other sections not shown
aber Abgaben actes allem Allgäu andere anderen Andermann Artem Artikel auch bäuerliche bäuerlichen Bauern Bauernkrieg Beispiel Berchtesgaden Blickle chapitre charter charters chevage Danish Denmark dependence deutschen Dienste diese Dopsch Ebrach economic eigen eigenleute Eigenleuten Einsiedeln erst Eschwege estate feudalism feuds fifteenth century formariage Franconie Franz free freedom Freiheit frühen Gericht Geschichte Gesellschaft Göttingen Grundherrschaft hatten Herren Herrschaft Hintersassen holdings homines hommes de corps Jahre Jahrhundert Jutland Kempten Keudel King Klein Kloster Klosters konnte land landowners Laon Laonnois late Middle Ages legal Leibeigene Leibeigenen Leibeigenschaft Leibherrschaft Leute lords mainmorte medieval Mittelalter movement Neuzeit oder peasantry peasants personal protection Quellen Rechte right Rösener royal Salzburg same Sancti Schwebda Sealand seigneur seigneurial serfdom serfs servage servile servitude sind social Spätmittelalter Stadt statut StiAE Stuttgart tenanciers tenure Territorium thirteenth time Ulbrich Untertanen Urbar Urkunden villages waren Wilhelm Friedrich word wurde wurden Württemberg XVe siècle