Religion and Politics in the United States

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Rowman & Littlefield, 2007 - Political Science - 445 pages
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Religion and Politics in the United States, Fifth Edition, offers a comprehensive account of the role of religious ideas, institutions, and communities in American public life. While maintaining that religion is too politically potent to be left out or consigned to the margins in accounts of American politics, Wald and Calhoun-Brown also argue against the common tendency to treat religion as the dominant force in politics today. Early topics include the nature and persistence of religion in the United States, its contribution to the Founding, and the continuing debate over the role of religion in government and law. Following a discussion of how religious factors encourage political action, the book concludes by discussing basic political attitudes and behavior among members of mainstream American religious traditions and minority religious communities defined by ethnicity, race, gender, and sexual orientation. The new edition greatly expands coverage of various religious minorities with a new chapter on politics and religion among African-Americans, Latinos, Muslim Americans, Latter Day Saints (Mormons), and other faith traditions. There is larger focus on how religion influences the politics of local communities.
  

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Contents

A Secular Society?
1
THE PUZZLE OF RELIGIOUS VITALITY
4
THE PERSISTENCE OF RELIGION
8
STABILITY OR CHANGE?
13
POSSIBLE EXPLANATIONS
16
WHY THE UNITED STATES?
19
Religion in the American Context
24
UNDERSTANDING RELIGION
25
FOREIGN POLICY
199
WHAT CULTURE WAR?
201
The Political Mobilization of Evangelical Protestants
206
THE POLITICAL BACKGROUND
207
ROOTS OF THE NEW CHRISTIAN RIGHT
211
BUILDING A NATIONAL MOVEMENT
214
EVANGELICAL POLITICAL ACTION
216
THE SECOND GENERATION
217

PATTERNS OF RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION
27
BASIC POLITICAL TENDENCIES
32
Religion and American Political Culture
39
THE PURITAN IMPRINT ON COLONIAL THOUGHT
40
COVENANT THEOLOGY AND THE RIGHT TO REVOLT
43
A QUALIFICATION
46
TOTAL DEPRAVITY AND INSTITUTIONAL RESTRAINT
48
A CIVIL RELIGION
54
CIVIL RELIGION AS A DOUBLEEDGED SWORD
59
ONE OF MANY INFLUENCES
61
Religion and the State
65
THE GENESIS OF CHURCHSTATE CONFLICT
66
OVERVIEW OF CHURCHSTATE RELATIONS
69
HOW FAR CAN GOVERNMENT GO?
75
THE JUDICIAL RECORD
80
THE SEPARATIONIST PERIOD
87
THE ACCOMMODATIONIST ERA
94
THE POLITICS OF CHURCHSTATE RELATIONS
100
THE CONSTITUTIONAL REVOLUTION IN PERSPECTIVE
104
Mobilizing Religious Interests
109
STUDYING RELIGIOUS INTERESTS
110
ESTABLISHING MOTIVE
112
ESTABLISHING MEANS
129
Religion and Political Action
143
RELIGIOUS CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT
145
INSTITUTIONAL CONTEXTS
149
PARTISAN POLITICAL ALIGNMENTS
155
INFLUENTIAL ALLIES
158
POLICY DOMAIN
165
Religion and Public Opinion
183
ECONOMIC LIBERALISM
184
MORALCULTURAL ISSUES
187
SOCIAL JUSTICE
196
THEORIES OF EVANGELICAL MOBILIZATION
222
THE IMPACT OF THE CHRISTIAN RIGHT
229
THE CONSEQUENCES FOR PUBLIC POLICY
230
GOOD TIMES? THE CHRISTIAN RIGHT AND THE BUSH ADMINISTRATION
232
THE CHRISTIAN RIGHT AS A MASS MOVEMENT
233
Continuity and Change in the Religious Center Catholics Mainline Protestants and Jews
247
CONFLICTING POLITICAL IMPULSES
249
THE CONSERVATIVE POLITICAL HERITAGE
250
THE TRANSFORMATION OF CATHOLIC ATTITUDES
253
THE CATHOLIC RESPONSE
258
IS ABORTION A CATHOLIC ISSUE?
261
THE POLITICAL TRADITIONS OF MAINLINE PROTESTANTS
267
SOURCES AND REACTIONS
271
AMERICAN JEWS
274
Religion and the Politics of Ethnic and Religious Minorities
283
AFRICAN AMERICAN PROTESTANTS
284
LATINO CATHOLICS AND PROTESTANTS
294
MUSLIM AMERICANS
300
CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTERDAY SAINTS
305
OTHER FAITH TRADITIONS
309
The Other Minorities Women and Gay People
313
WOMEN RELIGION AND POLITICS
316
HOMOSEXUALS
329
RELIGION AND HOMOSEXUALITY
331
Religion and American Political Life
348
THE CASE AGAINST RELIGIOUS INFLUENCE IN POLITICS
349
ASSESSING THE EVIDENCE
355
THE CASE FOR RELIGION IN POLITICS
361
RELIGION IN PUBLIC CONVERSATION
370
References
373
Index
439
About the Authors
447
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

\Kenneth D. Wald is Distinguished Professor of Political Science at the University of Florida, Gainesville. He is co-editor of the Cambridge University Press Series, 'Religion, Politics, and Social Theory,' and a member of the editorial board of the Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion. Allison Calhoun-Brown is associate professor of political science at Georgia State University. Her research and teaching interests include public opinion, religion and politics, and African American politics. She is a past chair of the Religion and Politics section of the American Political Science Association and has published her research in journals such as American Politics Quarterly, The Journal of Politics, and the Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion.

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