A Communion of Subjects: Animals in Religion, Science, and Ethics

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Columbia University Press, 2006 - Religion - 686 pages
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A Communion of Subjects is the first comparative and interdisciplinary study of the conceptualization of animals in world religions. Scholars from a wide range of disciplines, including Thomas Berry (cultural history), Wendy Doniger (study of myth), Elizabeth Lawrence (veterinary medicine, ritual studies), Marc Bekoff (cognitive ethology), Marc Hauser (behavioral science), Steven Wise (animals and law), Peter Singer (animals and ethics), and Jane Goodall (primatology) consider how major religious traditions have incorporated animals into their belief systems, myths, rituals, and art. Their findings offer profound insights into humans' relationships with animals and a deeper understanding of the social and ecological web in which we all live.

Contributors examine Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Daoism, Confucianism, African religions, traditions from ancient Egypt and early China, and Native American, indigenous Tibetan, and Australian Aboriginal traditions, among others. They explore issues such as animal consciousness, suffering, sacrifice, and stewardship in innovative methodological ways. They also address contemporary challenges relating to law, biotechnology, social justice, and the environment. By grappling with the nature and ideological features of various religious views, the contributors cast religious teachings and practices in a new light. They reveal how we either intentionally or inadvertently marginalize "others," whether they are human or otherwise, reflecting on the ways in which we assign value to living beings.

Though it is an ancient concern, the topic of "Religion and Animals" has yet to be systematically studied by modern scholars. This groundbreaking collection takes the first steps toward a meaningful analysis.

  

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Contents

Hinduism
1
Prologue
5
Introduction
11
Caught with ourselves in the GARY STEINER 117
27
KIMBERLEY PATTON 27 A Christian Approach to Animals
40
Dimensions of Animals in Islamic Tradition
149
Buddhism PARTV
207
Animals in African Mythology Wild Justice Social Cognition Fairness
461
IAN MCINTOSH 360
505
Animals in Ritual
519
Indigenous Perspectives on Personhood
533
A Sacred Bird in Ritual The Issues of Factory Farming
547
CHRISTOPHER MCDONOUGH 413
556
Farming Without Culture
568
the Problem of Religion List of Contributors 657
616
Copyright

the Australian Wild Dog From Cognition to Consciousness
481

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About the author (2006)

Paul Waldau is the director of the Center for Animals and Public Policy at Tufts University's Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine in Boston and is the author of The Specter of Speciesism: Buddhist and Christian Views of Animals (Oxford). He is also co-chair of the Animals and Religion Consultation at the American Academy of Religion and president of the Religion and Animals Institute. Kimberley Patton is professor of the comparative and historical study of religion at Harvard Divinity School, where she teaches a course on animals in religion. She is the author of several books, including most recently, The Sea Can Wash Away All Evils: Modern Marine Pollution and the Ancient Cathartic Ocean (Columbia).

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