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The Background of Medieval History
The East to 718 Mohammed
23 other sections not shown
affairs Aquitaine Aragon archbishop army became bishops Boniface Catholic Charles Christian Church churchmen civilization clergy commerce Constantinople council court crown crusade death duke Dutch East elected Elizabeth emperor England English especially established Europe favor Ferdinand feudal force France Frederick French gain Gaul Genoese Germany gilds Gothic Gregory Henry Henry III Henry's Huguenots imperial important Italian Italy Justinian king king of France kingdom lands later Latin League learning lord Louis Lutheran medieval ment merchants Middle Ages monasteries monks Netherlands nobility nobles northern organization Ostrogoths papacy papal Paris Parliament peace Philip political pope Portugal Portuguese practice princes Protestant Protestantism Puritan Queen reform regions reign religion religious revolt rivals Roman Empire Rome royal rule rulers Scots Sicily sixteenth century Spain Spanish success territory Teutonic theology thirteenth century tion took towns trade tribes twelfth century Venice Visigoths West western