In Defense of American Liberties: A History of the ACLU (Google eBook)

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SIU Press, 1999 - Law - 479 pages
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This updated comprehensive history of the American Civil Liberties Union recounts the ACLU's stormy history since its founding in 1920 to fight for free speech and explores its involvement in some of the most famous causes in American history, including the Scopes "monkey trial," the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II, the Cold War anti-Communist witch hunts, and the civil rights movement. The new introduction covers the history of the organization and developments in civil liberties in the 1990s, including the U.S. Supreme Court's declaration of the Communications Decency Act as unconstitutional in ACLU v. Reno.

  

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Contents

Introduction The ACLU Civil Liberties and American Life
3
Origins 19171919
11
THE FIGHT FOR CIVIL LIBERTY 19171918
23
Two Roger Baldwin and the Founding of the ACLU
30
SOCIAL WORK AND SOCIAL REFORM 32 THE MAKING OF A RADICAL
37
THE RED SCARE 42 BIRTH OF THE ACLU
45
Three Civil Liberties in the Wilderness 19201924
51
FREE SPEECH FOR EVERYONE? THE TEST OF PRINCIPLE 60 INSIDE THE ACLU
66
THE BEGINNING OF THE END
211
Ten The First Amendment As an Absolute
217
EXPANDING BOUNDARIES OF FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
227
Eleven Revolution in Equality and Due Process
237
POLICE MISCONDUCT AND THE DUE PROCESS REVOLUTION
246
THE DUE PROCESS REVOLUTION CONTINUED
252
Twelve The Civil Rights Revolution
261
chuck morgan and the southern regional office
268

Four The First Victories 19251932
72
breakthrough in the supreme court
79
new horizons in freedom of expression 82 the aclu expands
86
Five The New Deal Revolution in Civil Liberties
95
CULTURAL POLITICS AND CIVIL LIBERTIES 98 THE WAGNER ACT REVOLUTION
101
STORM OVER THE SUPREME COURT 104 THE END OF AN ERA
114
THE COLD WAR BEGINS 120 CRISIS IN THE ACLU
127
CIVIL LIBERTIES AFTER TWENTY YEARS
133
THE DRAFT AND CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS
149
FREEDOM OF SPEECH IN WARTIME 153 THE SIMMERING COLD WAR
160
NEW HORIZONS IN CIVIL RIGHTS 162 THE ACLU AT AGE TWENTYFIVE
167
Eight The AntiCommunist Crusade Begins 19471950
173
HUAC RESURGENT
180
THE LOYALTY OATH MANIA
188
THE FBI AND THE ACLU 191 PUBLIC OPINION AND THE ACLU
194
FIFTH AMENDMENT COMMUNISTS 201 UPHEAVAL IN THE ACLU
203
Civil Liberties and National
279
AN UNCONSTITUTIONAL WAR?
285
THE GREATEST CONSTITUTIONAL CRISIS IN AMERICAN HISTORY
292
Fourteen The New Civil Liberties 19651974
299
LEGAL ASSAULT ON THE ENCLAVES 306 THE NEW ACLU AND ITS CRITICS
314
Crisis and Recovery 19771979
323
THE ACLU TESTED 331 THE ACLU REORGANIZES
334
Sixteen The Reagan Eras Assault on Civil Liberties
341
THE FIGHT FOR ABORTION RIGHTS 346 THE CENSORSHIP WARS
350
THE ASSAULT ON CIVIL RIGHTS 355 THE WAR ON CRIME
357
Seventeen The Bicentennial Bork and Bush 19871988
363
THE ACLU AT SEVENTY
371
Notes
379
Manuscript Sources
445
Index
453
Copyright

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About the author (1999)

Samuel Walker is Kiewit Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Nebraska at Omaha. He is the author of ten books, most recently The Rights Revolution: Community and Rights in America.

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