The Deaf Experience: Classics in Language and Education
Harlan L. Lane, Franklin Philip
Gallaudet University Press, 2006 - Education - 221 pages
The seminal study of the antecedents of Deaf culture is now back in print. Edited by renowned scholar Harlan Lane, The Deaf Experience: Classics in Language and Education presents a selection of the earliest essays written by members of the nascent French Deaf community at the time of the Enlightenment, a rich period of education for deaf people.
The fifth volume in the Gallaudet Classics in Deaf Studies series features works written from 1764 up to1840. Pierre Desloges offers a stirring paean to sign language in an excerpt from his book, the first ever published by a deaf person. Saboureux de Fontenay and Jean Massieu, two prominent leaders, relate their respective experiences in autobiographical accounts. In separate essays, Charles-Michel de l’Epée and Roch-Ambroise Sicard describe systems for teaching manual French, followed by a critique of these methods by Roch-Ambroise Bébian, a well-known hearing friend of Deaf people during that era. Ferdinand Berthier, a renowned Deaf teacher and writer in the 19th century, concludes with a history of Deaf people up to that time.
The Deaf Experience shows clearly how this extraordinary era of French deaf education influenced the adoption of the manual method by the first schools for deaf students in America, in sharp contrast to the oral movement that repressed sign-language-centered education for nearly a century afterward. Deaf studies scholars and students alike will welcome the return of this invaluable resource.
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SABOUREUX DE FONTENAY
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abbe de l'Epee abbe Deschamps abbe Sicard abstract action adjective adverbs American Sign Language Amman Aristotle Bebian Bordeaux Charles Bonnet Chinese language communication Condillac congenitally deaf dative deaf child deaf community deaf education deaf history deaf person deaf pupils deaf-blind deaf-mute declension Desloges Destutt de Tracy direct object duke of Chaulnes elab Epee Epee's everything explain express eyes Father Vanin Ferdinand Berthier fingerspelling Fontenay France Francisco Valles French French Revolution French Sign Language Gallaudet University gestures give grammar Guadeloupe guage hand hearing himself human human voice ideas index finger indicate instruction intellectual Jerome Cardan John Wallis Joseph II Juan Pablo Bonet knowledge l'Epee's Latin Laurent Clerc Le Grand-Pressigny learned Legion of Honor Leibniz Leipzig School les parisiens lessons letters lipreading Louis XVI maleficent manual alphabet manual language Massieu meaning merely metaphysical methodical signs mimicry mind model of deafness Montpellier natural language natural signs Northeastern University nothing noun Nyon objects observations pantomime Paris Pereire Pereire's personal pronouns physiognomy Pierre Desloges Ponce prepositions present procedure pronouns reflexive pronoun Reflexive Verbs Relative Pronouns Rodez Saboureux Seine-et-Oise semiautomatons sentence sign language Silver Spring social class society sounds Spain speak speech spoken language subjunctive teacher teaching teaching assistant tence tenses things Thomas Gallaudet thought ticulated tion translation understand Universal Grammar universal language verb Vienna vous whose word square words write