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PART II NEW TECHNOLOGIES CROPS AND PROSPECTS
PART III KEY ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ISSUES
PART IV KEY ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
PART V MARKET INTRODUCTION AND TECHNOLOGY STRATEGIES
PART VI THE POLICY FRAMEWORK
PART VII RECOMMENDATIONS
PART VIII COUNTRY STUDIES
agricultural areas bagasse beneﬁts biodiesel production bioenergy biofuel feedstock biofuel industry biofuel production biofuel programmes biofuel trade biomass biomass-to-liquid blends Brazil Brazilian carbon cellulosic biomass cellulosic ethanol cent certiﬁcation schemes Chapter chemical cit note climate co-products combustion corn costs country’s cultivation demand developing countries difﬁcult economic efﬁciency endnote energy crops engine environmental estimated ethanol production European export Faaij facilities farmers feedstock fertilizer ﬁeld ﬁrst forest fossil fuels fuel ethanol Fulton gasiﬁcation gasoline GHG emissions global greenhouse gas harvesting hectare Ibid impacts important improve increase infrastructure inputs investment jatropha Kaltner land liquid fuels litres million litres next-generation oilseed oilseed crops organic palm oil pesticides petroleum fuels plant policies pollution potential rapeseed reduce reﬁning regions residues result São Paulo signiﬁcant signiﬁcantly soil Source soybeans speciﬁc standards subsidies sugar cane sustainable switchgrass tonnes transport fuels vehicles waste Worldwatch Institute yields
Page 432 - Pimentel. D. and T. Patzek. 2005. Ethanol production using corn, switchgrass, and wood: Biodiesel production using soybean and sunflower.
Page 431 - Directive 2003/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 May 2003 on the promotion of the use of biofuels or other renewable fuels for transport.
Page 440 - A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions, Draft Technical Report, EPA420-P-02-001, 2002.
Page 436 - Life Cycle Inventory of Biodiesel and Petroleum Diesel for Use in an Urban Bus, NREL/SR-58024089, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden.
Page 441 - Biomass Feedstock Availability in the United States: 1999 State Level Analysis...