Automatic Speech and Speaker Recognition: Advanced Topics
Chin-Hui Lee, Frank K. Soong, Kuldip K. Paliwal
Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 31, 1996 - Computers - 517 pages
Research in the field of automatic speech and speaker recognition has made a number of significant advances in the last two decades, influenced by advances in signal processing, algorithms, architectures, and hardware. These advances include: the adoption of a statistical pattern recognition paradigm; the use of the hidden Markov modeling framework to characterize both the spectral and the temporal variations in the speech signal; the use of a large set of speech utterance examples from a large population of speakers to train the hidden Markov models of some fundamental speech units; the organization of speech and language knowledge sources into a structural finite state network; and the use of dynamic, programming based heuristic search methods to find the best word sequence in the lexical network corresponding to the spoken utterance.
Automatic Speech and Speaker Recognition: Advanced Topics groups together in a single volume a number of important topics on speech and speaker recognition, topics which are of fundamental importance, but not yet covered in detail in existing textbooks. Although no explicit partition is given, the book is divided into five parts: Chapters 1-2 are devoted to technology overviews; Chapters 3-12 discuss acoustic modeling of fundamental speech units and lexical modeling of words and pronunciations; Chapters 13-15 address the issues related to flexibility and robustness; Chapter 16-18 concern the theoretical and practical issues of search; Chapters 19-20 give two examples of algorithm and implementational aspects for recognition system realization.
Audience: A reference book for speech researchers and graduate students interested in pursuing potential research on the topic. May also be used as a text for advanced courses on the subject.
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acoustic models algorithm allophone applications approach automatic speech recognition Bahl baseform beam search bigram cepstral clustering codebook compensation vectors computation Conf context continuous speech recognition decoding density derivative described discriminant distribution dynamic programming environment estimation evaluated fast match feature vectors Figure frame function Furui Gaussian hidden Markov models HMnet hypotheses IEEE IEEE Trans improve input iteration Juang keyword language model large vocabulary likelihood linear MAP estimate maximum method microphone MMIE N-best neural node noise normalization observation obtained optimal output phoneme probability problem Proc procedure pronunciation pruning quantization recognition accuracy recognizer recurrent network reduce represent robust samples score Section segment model senones sentence Signal Processing speaker adaptation speaker recognition speaker-independent Speech and Signal speech recognition systems speech signal statistical stochastic subword task techniques tion training data tree utterance vector quantization Viterbi word error rate word graph word recognition word sequence word spotting