By Sea and by River: The Naval History of the Civil War

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Da Capo Press, Aug 1, 1989 - History - 303 pages
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Less bloody and less known than the land campaigns of the Civil War, the naval battles—and especially the naval blockade of the South—were crucial factors in the outcome of the war. The spectacular battle between the Monitor and the Merrimack marked the debut of ironclads, a revolution in naval warfare. Ships supported McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign and Grant’s conquest of the Mississippi Valley. The raiding of the Confederate cruisers Sumter, Florida, and Alabama, Farragut’s capture of the forts in Mobile Bay, and the interception of foreign ships on their way to trade with the South all led to the North’s eventual triumph. Bern Anderson, a retired admiral, provides sketches of many of the leading characters in the action: Gideon Welles, David Farragut, Stephen Mallory, Andrew Foote, and the Confederate commander Raphael Semmes. Anderson delineates the new kind of war being born in the rivers and oceans of the U.S. during these years, in this first effective joint action by military and naval forces in American history.
  

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Contents

The Men and the Tools
3
Opening Moves
18
HI The Offensive Begins
33
The Birth of Joint Action
48
Monitor and Merrimack
67
The Mississippi Valley September i86iFebruary
85
The River Gunboats 8 Forts Henry and Donelson
91
The Middle Mississippi MarchJune 1862
101
Charleston
156
Foreign Affairs
178
The Confederate Cruisers
196
The Union Blockade
215
Mobile
233
Operations on the Western Rivers July 1863
251
Virginia and Carolina Waters 186365
270
Conclusion
288

New Orleans
116
Operations in the Mississippi July 1862JuLY 1863
137

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About the author (1989)

Rear Admiral Bern Anderson (U.S. Navy, retired) was born in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1900, attended the United States Naval Academy, and became a commissioned officer in 1920. From 1952 to 1960, he was technical adviser and assistant to Samuel Eliot Morison in the preparation of the 14-volume History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. He is the author of Surveyor of the Sea: The Life and Voyages of Captain George Vancouver, published in 1960.

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