## Practical Statistics for Field BiologyIt will be extremely useful to undergraduates studying ecology, biology, and earth and environmental sciences and of interest to postgraduates who are not familiar with the application of multiavirate techniques and practising field biologists working in these areas. |

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### Contents

Introduction | 1 |

Measurement and Sampling Concepts | 7 |

Processing Data | 9 |

Copyright | |

17 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

analysis Appendix applied attica autumnalis average binomial distribution biologists calculated value class interval column confidence interval contingency table correlation coefficient count data degrees of freedom described in Section dispersed drawn from populations equation estimate Example expected frequencies females formula frequency class frequency distribution G-test gradient histogram individual interval scales larger length limits logarithm males mass matched pairs mathematical measured median negative binomial negative binomial distribution non-parametric normal curve normally distributed Null Hypothesis number of degrees number of observations number of samples observed frequencies obtained one-tailed test otolith outcome Poisson Poisson distribution population mean probability distribution proportion pupae quadrats randomly ranks ratio regression line reject sample mean sample statistics samples are drawn sampling error sampling units scattergram skewed species SSbetween SSwithin standard deviation standard error statistically significant Step sum of squares test statistic total number transformation treatments two-tailed test variable variance whole number zero