Linguistic Diversity in Space and Time
In this ground-breaking book, Johanna Nichols proposes means of describing, comparing, and interpreting linguistic diversity, both genetic and structural, providing the foundations for a theory of diversity based upon population science. This book will interest linguists, archaeologists, and population specialists.
"An awe-inspiring book, unequalled in scope, originality, and the range of language data considered."—Anna Siewierska, Linguistics
"Fascinating. . . . A brilliant pioneering study."—Journal of Indo-European Studies
"A superbly reasoned book."—John A. C. Greppin, Times Literary Supplement
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Favored and Disfavored Grammatical Patterns
Correlations between Types
Correlations of Structural Types with Grammatical Categories
Genetic and Areal
Structural Affinities between Areas
Language by Area and Structural Features
Alphabetical List of Languages
affinities affixes Africa Afroasiatic agreement alignment types Ancient Near East animacy areal groupings Asia Coast Australia Caucasus classification clause clitics colonized areas complexity constituent continents correlation cross-linguistic dependent marking dependent-marking languages diversity dominant alignment Dyirbal entries Ethiopia & Kenya Eurasia Europe & Caucasus example favor frequencies gender genetic density genetic groups global clines grammatical gross types guages Guinea head head-marking languages head/dependent marking head/dependent type hierarchy hotbed inalienable possession inclusive/exclusive inclusive/exclusive oppositions Indo-European inflection kin terms Klimov lexical linguistic macroareal macroareas markers mean Mesoamerica modal type morphology North America Northern Asia Northern Eurasia noun classes NP's number of languages numeral classifiers Oceania Old World Pacific patterns plurality neutralization population possessor PP's pronominal pronouns relatedness residual zones semantic shown in table shows significant South split spread zones stability stative-active languages steppe stocks structural survey tion Total typological Uto-Aztecan verb word order
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