Transportation: A Geographical Analysis

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Guilford Press, 2003 - Science - 375 pages
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This comprehensive text provides an authoritative introduction to transportation geography. With a primary focus on the United States, the volume also examines problems and trends in Europe and other parts of the developed world. Students gain a solid grasp of the history, definitions, and core concepts of the field, as well as models for analyzing transportation networks and flows between regions. Environmental, economic, and social issues in transportation planning and policy are addressed, and the uses of geographic information systems in transport (GIS-T) are discussed in detail. Written in a clear, straightforward style, the volume emphasizes real-world applications of the concepts discussed and identifies promising directions for future research. No advanced mathematical knowledge on the part of the reader is assumed. Key Features No other comprehensive text covers transportation geography from a North American perspective. Black is experienced and respected for his innovation. Will interest public and regional planners as well as geographers. Covers all the basics, analytical methods, and policy implications.
  

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Contents

A History of Transportation
12
Tables
30
Current Transport Systems and Trends
38
5 Average air freight revenue per tonkilometer for
44
Nodes and Links
57
CHAPTER S Measurement of Transportation Networks
72
The Location of Transportation Routes and Links
92
Trade and Commodity Flows
117
Transport Impact Analysis
227
Transportations Impact on the Environment
238
1 Motor Vehicle Fatalities for Selected Countries 1997
241
3 National Air Ambient Quality Standards
250
Transportation the Economy and
256
1 Data for the Sample Highway Improvement BenefitCost
267
PART V
273
Societal Trends and Their Impact on Transport
289

Methods of Flow Analysis
128
11 A Dyadic Data Matrix
140
12 Results of the Belgium Motorway Network
147
The Prediction Problem of Flow Generation
151
2 Data for the Hypothetical Work Trip Generation
154
4 Models of Commodity Flow Production and Attraction
160
Spatial Interaction and the Gravity Model
162
2 Accuracy of the Family of Gravity Models
175
Destinations Modes and Routes
185
1 Data for the Student Choice Problem
190
Transport Policy
199
1 U S Maximum Speed Limits mph September 1999
209
Rationale and Process
216
1 Partial Distribution of U S Drivers by Age Group
291
4 Potential for Success of Privatization in Developed and
298
Congestion
303
1 Average JourneytoWork Travel Times for Cities by
304
4 LightRail Svstems in the United States and Canada
310
Sustainable Transport and Potential Mobility
317
1 Principal Component Analysis for States of the United
321
Transportation and Transportation Geography
335
References
343
Index
363
About the Author
375
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

William R. Black is Professor of Geography and Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University-Bloomington. During his career at Indiana University he has directed 16 transportation research projects for state and federal transportation agencies and published more than 200 research papers and reports. He served on the activation task force that created the Consolidated Rail Corporation in the 1970s and was the first director of the Indiana Department of Transportation in 1980. He has served as chair of the Transportation Specialty Group of the Association of American Geographers (AAG) and as North American Associate Editor of the Journal of Transport Geography. He is the recipient of the AAG's 1995 Ullman Award for contributions to transportation geography. In 2000 he presented the Fleming lecture in transport geography at the annual AAG meeting. He is active in the Transportation Research Board (TRB) of the National Research Council where he served as Chairman of the Committee on Social and Economic Factors in Transportation, and continues to serve as a member of several other committees and project panels. He received a Distinguished Service Award from the TRB in 2002. He is currently coordinator of STAR, a sustainable transport analysis and research thematic network funded by the National Science Foundation.

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