Parents' Jobs and Children's Lives (Google eBook)

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Transaction Publishers - Business & Economics - 214 pages
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Parents' Jobs and Children's Lives considers the effects of parental working conditions on children's cognition and social development. It also investigates how parental work affects the home environments that parents create for their children, and how these home environments influence the children directly. The theoretical underpinnings of the book draw from both sociology and economics; in addition, the authors make use of literature derived from developmental psychology. Theoretically eclectic, they rely on the personality and social structure framework developed by Melvin Kohn and his colleagues, on arguments regarding the importance of family social capital developed by James Coleman, as well as on ideas from Gary Becker's "new home economics" as guides to model specification.

The empirical basis for Parcel and Menaghan's study is a series of multivariate analyses using data drawn from the 1986 and 1988 waves of the National Longitudinal Survey's Child-Mother data set. This data set matches longitudinal data on mothers, derived from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, with data on the children of these mothers born as of 1986. Children aged 3 to 6 were given age-appropriate developmental assessments every two years in order to assess the influence of parental work on short-term changes in their cognition and social behavior. The authors also devote considerable attention to the effects of fathers' work and family structure on the well-being of their children.

Parcel and Menaghan's work brings evidence to bear on both the theoretical perspectives guiding the analyses and on current policy debates regarding the nexus of work and family.

  

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Contents

How Do Parents Jobs Affect Childrens Lives?
1
Changes in Parental Paid Work 1960s1980s
5
Can Current Theory Suggest How Parents Jobs Affect Childrens Lives?
8
How Does Parental Occupational Complexity Influence Childrens Lives?
13
Parental Wages and Childrens Lives
17
Parental Paid Work Hours Influence Childrens Lives
18
How Does Family Structure Affect Childrens Lives?
19
How Do Characteristics of Parents and the Children Themselves Affect Childrens Lives?
20
Notes
105
Early Parental Work Family Social Capital and Early Childhood Outcomes
107
Sample and Methods
111
Findings
112
Summary and Discussion
120
Notes
123
The Cumulative Effects of Work and Family Conditions on Cognitive and Social Outcomes Early Recent and Current Effects Reconsidered
125
AFQT and Self
126

Do Mothers Jobs Affect Children More Than Fathers Jobs?
24
How Might Changes in Parental Paid Work and Family Structure Affect Child Development?
26
Do These Processes Hold Uniformity across Social Groups and Conditions?
28
Plan of the Book
29
Data Samples and Variables
31
Measures
33
Weighting Missing Data and Analytical Strategy
43
Testing for Statistical Interaction
44
Notes
45
Parents Jobs and Childrens Home Environments
47
Findings
49
Summary and Discussion
60
Notes
63
Parents Jobs and Childrens Cognition
67
Predicting Later Reading and Arithmetic Skills
73
Summary and Discussion
81
Notes
86
Parents Jobs and Childrens Behavior Problems
87
Theoretical Background
89
Sample and Methods
93
Findings
94
Summary and Discussion
103
Patterning of Work and Family Conditions
127
Assessing Cumulative Models of 1988 Child Outcomes
141
Comparing Alternative Specifications
151
Summary and Discussion
153
Notes
154
Conclusions Work Family and Young Childrens Lives
157
Effects on Child Outcomes
159
Mothers versus Fathers
160
A Reassessment
162
Initial Parental Social Advantages and Childrens Outcomes
166
Ethnic and Gender Differences in Processes Affecting Children
167
Limitations of Our Investigation
168
The Dangers and Dividends of Maternal Employment
169
How Do Our Findings Informed Theory?
170
How Do Our Findings Inform Current Policy?
174
Can Our Findings Guide Parents in Making Choices for Their Families?
176
Supplemental Child Care Arrangements Determinants and Consequences
179
The NLSY Data
183
Summary and Discussion
189
References
193
Index
207
Copyright

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