Library of useful knowledge: Natural philosophy... (Google eBook)
Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (Great Britain)
Baldwin and Cradock, 1832 - Science
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acid action Ampere aperture appear ascer attraction axis ball battery body brass centre centre of gravity circle colours compass concave conductor convex convex lens copper cylinder degree diameter direction distance earth effect elec electric current electric fluid electroscope equal experiments Fahrenheit focus force galvanic glass gravity greater heat horizontal hygrometer inch induction instrument intensity iron length lens lenses lever light magnet ment mercury metal motion move needle Newton north pole object object-glass obliquely observed opposite parallel particles passing perpendicular phenomena piece placed plane plate polarity portion position prism produced proportion pyrometer quantity rays rection reflected refraction rendered repulsion retina right angles ring round side south pole spherical aberration steel substance surface telescope temperature terrestrial magnetism theory thermometer thickness tion tricity tube velocity vertical voltaic weight wire zinc
Page 64 - Whereas the main Business of natural Philosophy is to argue from Phenomena without feigning Hypotheses, and to deduce Causes from Effects, till we come to the very first Cause, which certainly is not mechanical; and not only to unfold the Mechanism of the World, but chiefly to resolve these and such like Questions.
Page xviii - ... called in geometry a parabola. But when the ball is thrown perpendicularly upwards, it will descend perpendicularly; because the force of projection, and that of gravity, are in the same line of direction. We have noticed the centres of magnitude and of motion; but I have not yet explained to you what is meant by the centre of gravity.
Page xxxvii - Aries the Ram, Taurus the Bull, Gemini the Twins, Cancer the Crab, Leo the Lion, Virgo the Virgin, Libra the Balance, Scorpio the Scorpion, Sagittarius the Archer, Capricornus the Goat, Aquarius the Waterbearer, and Pisces the Fishes...
Page 64 - And these things being rightly dispatch'd, does it not appear from Phaenomena that there is a Being incorporeal, living, intelligent, omnipresent, who in infinite Space, as it were in his Sensory, sees the things themselves intimately, and thoroughly perceives them, and comprehends them wholly by their immediate presence to himself...
Page 1 - In the year 1774, the following question was proposed by the Electoral Academy of Bavaria as the subject of a prize dissertation:—' Is there a real and physical analogy between electric and magnetic forces ; and, if such analogy exist, in what manner do these forces act upon the animal body?
Page 44 - ... to grow warm or hot ; that the vibrations thus excited are propagated in the refracting or reflecting medium or substance, much after the manner that vibrations are propagated in the air for causing sound, and move faster than the rays, so as to overtake them...
Page 79 - From the preceding facts we may likewise collect that this conflict performs circles; for without this condition, it seems impossible that the one part of the uniting wire, when placed below the magnetic pole, should drive it towards the east, and when placed above it towards the west; for it is the nature of a circle that the motions in opposite parts should have an opposite direction.
Page li - ... gives place to darkness, while the moon's shadow is passing over us. When, on the contrary, the earth is between the sun and the moon, it is we who intercept...
Page xxvi - The velocity of the circumference of the wheel is as much greater than that of the axle, as it is further from the centre of motion : for the wheel describes a...
Page 37 - Every Body reflects the Rays of its own Colour more copiously than the rest, and from their excess and predominance in the reflected light has its Colour."10 In Newton's hands, "the Science of Colours" became, as he said, "a Speculation as truly mathematical as any other part of Opticks.