World Weeds: Natural Histories and Distribution

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John Wiley & Sons, Mar 5, 1997 - Gardening - 1129 pages
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Responsible for a high proportion of the world's crop losses, weeds take away food that the world badly needs. They decrease the quality and quantity of vegetable fibers, wool, and hides, and interfere with fishing, irrigation, hydroelectric power production, and the movement of shipping vessels. In order to recognize the true magnitude of the weed problem, and to be better equipped to design effective weed control methods, it is vital to identify and learn as much as possible about the many different species of this destructive agricultural predator.

The culmination of four decades of global research, World Weeds presents comprehensive and up-to-date information on over 100 weeds--addressing recent changes in such areas as crop tillage methods, herbicide use, and agricultural runoff. This monumental work, featuring a wealth of original data from the authors, provides extensive coverage of the known biology of each species. Each entry contains a full botanical description, plus important details on habitat requirements and distribution, seed production, ecology, physiology, crop impact, and more. Generously supplied with dozens of unique illustrations and species distribution maps covering over 100 countries, this definitive resource boasts an extensive multilingual index of common names, and a massive bibliography with over 3,000 references to facilitate further reading and research. World Weeds is a truly masterful reference that will be celebrated by weed and crop scientists, botanists, and others for years to come.
  

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Contents

Achyranthes aspera L
11
Alopecurus myosuroides Huds
28
Alternanthera sessilis L DC
45
Ludwigia adscendens L Hara Ludwigia hyssopifolia G Don Exell
53
Artemisia vulgaris L
70
Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav
86
Borreria alata AuhLl DC
113
Cardaria draha L l Desv
135
Melastoma malabathricum L
469
Najas graminea DeL and Najas marina L
494
OBLIGATE PARASITIC WEEDS
511
THE WILD RICES
531
Oxalis latifolia H B K
548
Paspalum distichum L
562
Phyllanthus niruri L
575
Polygonum aviculare L
596

Cassia occidentalis L and Cassia tora L syn C ohtusifolia L l
158
Chenopodium amhrosioides L
172
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L
194
Cirsium vulgare Savil Tenore
207
Conium maculatum L
221
Corchorus olitorius L
236
OBLIGATE PARASITIC WEEDS
249
Cyperus hrevifolius Rotth l Hassk and Cyperus haspan L
266
Datura stramonium L var chalybaea Koch
273
Daucus carota L
286
Drymaria cordata L Willd ex Roem Schult
304
Eiadea canadensis Michx syn Anacharis canadensis Planch
329
Eragrostis pilosa L Beauv
345
Euphorbia prunifolia Jacq syn E geniculata Orteg
361
Hibiscus trionum L
381
Ipomoea aquatica Forsk
412
Lemna minor L
433
Marsilea quadrifolia L
455
Polygonum lapathifolium L
611
THE POTAMOGETONS
625
Pteridium aquilinum L l Kuhn
649
Ranunculus repens L
664
Rumex acetosella L
683
Sagittaria sagittifolia L
699
Scirpus maritimus L and Scirpus mucronatus L
722
Senecio vulgaris L
740
Setaria glauca L l Beauv syn S lutescens Weig l F THuhh l
756
Sida rhomhifolia L
769
Sonchus arvensis L
787
Spirodela polyrhiza L l Schleiden
802
Synedrella nodiflora L Gaertn
817
Thlaspi arvense L
843
Tridax procumbens L
862
Ulex europaeus L
880
Vallisneria spiralis L
895
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Page 935 - MUHLETHALER, 1962: The fine structure of the cells taking part in oogenesis in Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn. J. Ultrastruct. Res. 7, 452 466.

About the author (1997)

LeRoy Holm is a former professor in the College of Agriculture at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Jerry Doll is Professor in the Department of Agronomy at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Eric Holm was formerly a researcher on remote sensing and geographic information systems with the United States Geological Survey at the Earth Resources Observation Systems Data Center (EROS) at Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

Juan Pancho is Professor Emeritus of the Department of Botany and Museum of Natural History at the University of the Philippines, Los Banos.

James Herberger was formerly a weed specialist with Imperial Chemical Industries (now Zeneca) in the United States.

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