Handbook of Motivation Science

Front Cover
James Y. Shah, Wendi L. Gardner
Guilford Press, 2008 - Psychology - 638 pages
2 Reviews

Integrating significant advances in motivation science that have occurred over the last two decades, this volume thoroughly examines the ways in which motivation interacts with social, developmental, and emotional processes, as well as personality more generally. The Handbook comprises 39 clearly written chapters from leaders in the field. Cutting-edge theory and research is presented on core psychological motives, such as the need for esteem, security, consistency, and achievement; motivational systems that arise to address these fundamental needs; the process and consequences of goal pursuit, including the role of individual differences and contextual moderators; and implications for personal well-being and interpersonal and intergroup relations.

  

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Contents

Views from the Couch Consciousness Classroom
3
A Mainspring of Social Action
27
Motives for High Low and Illusory Control
41
The Consequences of Positive SelfThoughts for Motivation and Health
57
An Update with a Focus on the ActionBased Model
71
Motivated ClosedMindedness and Its Social Consequences
84
Understanding the Effects of Mastery and PerformanceApproach Goals
100
Prosocial Motivation
135
The Antecedents and Consequences of Nonconscious Goal Pursuit
342
Regulatory Fit
356
A New Theory about LongTerm Changes in Strength of Motivation
373
Benefits and Costs
393
Culture and Motivation
417
A Role Congruity Account
434
Personal and Contextual Influences
448
SelfConcordance Quality Motivation and Multilevel Personality Integration
465

Past Present and Future
150
Motivations for Promotion and Prevention
169
The Neuroevolution of Motivation
188
Contributions of Attachment Theory and Research to Motivation Science
201
The Challenge of Change in Goal Systems
217
The Goal Construct in Psychology
235
The Impact of Social Comparisons on Motivation
251
Inferring Goals from Others Actionsand What It Leads To
265
Implicit and Explicit Counteractive SelfControl
281
The Role of Affect Regulation in Volitional Action Control
295
Feedback Processes in the Simultaneous Regulation of Action and Affect
308
Flexible Tenacity in Goal Pursuit
325
Challenge Threat and Health
481
Integrating Theory and Practice
494
Why Breakups Lead to Drunkenness and Ice Cream
508
Satisfying Connectedness Motivations in Close Relationships
533
An Interdependence Theory Analysis of Situations with Conflicting Interests
547
Appetitive and Aversive Social Motivation
561
Multiple Motives in Stereotyping and Prejudice
576
System Justification as Conscious and Nonconscious Goal Pursuit
591
Author Index
607
Subject Index
625
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About the author (2008)

James Y. Shah, PhD, is Associate Professor of Psychology and Marketing at Duke University. He received his PhD from Columbia University. Dr. Shah's current research focuses on how goals affect people's perceptions, behavior, and subjective experiences, with a particular interest in exploring the different regulatory functions of goals, how personal goals are cognitively structured, and how the regulatory and structural nature of goals affects how one feels and how one acts.

Wendi L. Gardner, PhD, is Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at Northwestern University. She received her PhD from Ohio State University. Dr. Gardner's research involves two broad areas: the social aspects of the self and the unconscious, and rudimentary levels of evaluation and emotion.

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