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abstract Adam Smith appears become bourgeois bullion buyer capital capitalist circulation of commodities circulation of money commodity owner concrete category constitutes consumption culation currency determined distribution duction economists English exchange value existence expressed fact function gold and silver gold as money hand hoarding ideal individual latter material means of payment means of purchase measure of value medium of circulation metamorphosis modities money in circulation money of account movement natural ounce of gold owners of commodities political economy pounds sterling precious metals prices of commodities process of circulation process of exchange proportion quantity of gold quantity of labor-time quantity of money realized relations of production represent Ricardo seller shillings simple circulation social labor sphere of circulation standard of price tion token of value universal equivalent universal labor-time use-value value of commodities value of gold value of money wealth yard of linen
Page 5 - In the social production of their life, men enter into definite relations that are indispensable and independent of their will, relations of production which correspond to a definite stage of development of their material productive forces.
Page 6 - At a certain stage of their development, the material forces of production in society come in conflict with the existing relations of production, or — what is but a legal expression for the same thing — with the property relations within which they have been at work before. From forms of development of the forces of production these relations turn into their fetters. Then begins an epoch of social revolution.
Page 5 - It is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but, on the contrary, their social existence determines their consciousness.
Page 57 - I have long aimed at) to express myself in Terms of Number, Weight, or Measure ; to use only Arguments of Sense, and to consider only such Causes, as have visible Foundations in Nature...
Page 6 - Therefore, mankind always sets itself only such tasks as it can solve; since, looking at the matter more closely, we will always find that the task itself arises only when the material conditions necessary for its solution already exist or are at least in the process of formation.
Page 5 - The sum total of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society, the real foundation, on which rises a legal and political superstructure and to which correspond definite forms of social consciousness.
Page 268 - Production by isolated individuals outside of society— something which might happen as an exception to a civilized man who by accident got into the wilderness and already dynamically possessed within himself the forces of society— is as great an absurdity as the idea of the development of language without individuals living together and talking to one another.
Page 6 - No social order ever disappears before all the productive forces for which there is room in it have been developed; and new higher relations of production never appear before the material conditions of their existence have matured in the womb of the old society itself.
Page 6 - In considering such transformations the distinction should always be made between the material transformation of the economic conditions of production which can be determined with the precision of natural science, and the legal, political, religious, aesthetic, or philosophic — in short, ideological forms in which men become conscious of this conflict and fight it out.
Page 6 - With the change of the economic foundation the entire immense superstructure is more or less rapidly transformed. In considering such transformations a distinction should always be made between the material transformation of the economic conditions of production which can be determined with the precision of natural science, and the legal, political, religious, aesthetic or...