The Rwanda Crisis: History of a Genocide

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Columbia University Press, 1995 - History - 389 pages
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In the spring of 1994 the tiny African nation of Rwanda exploded onto the international media stage, as internal strife reached genocidal proportions. But the horror that unfolded before our eyes had been building steadily for years before it captured the attention of the world.

In The Rwanda Crisis, journalist and Africa scholar Gérard Prunier provides a historical perspective that Western readers need to understand how and why the brutal massacres of 800,000 Rwandese came to pass. Prunier shows how the events in Rwanda were part of a deadly logic, a plan that served central political and economic interests, rather than a result of ancient tribal hatreds -- a notion often invoked by the media to dramatize the fighting.

The Rwanda Crisis makes great strides in dispelling the racist cultural myths surrounding the people of Rwanda, views propogated by European colonialists in the nineteenth century and carved into "history" by Western influence. Prunier demonstrates how the struggle for cultural dominance and subjugation among the Hutu and Tutsi -- the central players in the recent massacres -- was exploited by racially obsessed Europeans. He shows how Western colonialists helped to construct a Tutsi identity as a superior racial type because of their distinctly "non-Negro" features in order to facilitate greater control over the Rwandese.

Expertly leading readers on a journey through the troubled history of the country and its surroundings, Prunier moves from the pre-colonial Kingdom of Rwanda, though German and Belgian colonial regimes, to the 1973 coup. The book chronicles the developing refugee crisis in Rwanda and neighboring Uganda in the 1970s and 1980s and offers the most comprehensive account available of the manipulations of popular sentiment that led to the genocide and the events that have followed.

In the aftermath of this devastating tragedy, The Rwanda Crisis is the first clear-eyed analysis available to American readers. From the massacres to the subsequent cholera epidemic and emerging refugee crisis, Prunier details the horrifying events of recent years and considers propsects for the future of Rwanda.

  

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Review: The Rwanda Crisis: History of a Genocide

User Review  - Gideon Arulmani - Goodreads

Genocide... the real perpetrators were the intellectuals - from both sides. Read full review

Review: The Rwanda Crisis: History of a Genocide

User Review  - Charles - Goodreads

I learned a lot from reading this book. Read full review

Contents

Operation Turquoise and Gotterddmmerung in Central
8
The Hutu Republic 19591990
41
Civil War and Foreign Intervention October 1990
93
Slouching towards Democracy July 1991June 1992
127
The Arusha Peace Marathon June 1992August 1993
159
Chronicle of a massacre foretold 4 August 1993
192
Genocide and renewed war 6 April14 June 1994
213
Turquoise is going away the problems remain 121 August
305
Aftermath or new beginning? 22 August31 December
312
Living in a broken world
356
Bibliography
390
Glossary
400
Abbreviations
408
Copyright

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About the author (1995)

A renowned analyst of East Africa, the Horn, Sudan, and the Great Lakes of Africa, Gérard Prunier is a Research Professor at the University of Paris and the author of DarfurA 21st Century Genocide; From Genocide to Continental War: The Congolese Conflict and The Crisis of Contemporary Africa.

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