The Great Father: The United States Government and the American Indians

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U of Nebraska Press, Jan 1, 1995 - History - 1302 pages
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"This is Francis Paul Prucha's magnum opus. It is a great work. . . . This study will . . . [be] a standard by which other studies of American Indian affairs will be judged. American Indian history needed this book, has long awaited it, and rejoices at its publication."-American Indian Culture and Research Journal. "The author's detailed analysis of two centuries of federal policy makes The Great Father indispensable reading for anyone interested in understanding the complexities of American Indian policy."-Journal of American History. "Written in an engaging fashion, encompassing an extraordinary range of material, devoting attention to themes as well as to chronological narration, and presenting a wealth of bibliographical information, it is an essential text for all students and scholars of American Indian history and anthropology."-Oregon Historical Quarterly."A monumental endeavor, rigorously researched and carefully written. . . . It will remain for decades as an indispensable reference tool and a compendium of knowledge pertaining to United States-Indian relations."-Western Historical Quarterly. "Perhaps the crowning achievement of Prucha's scholarly career."-Vine Deloria Jr., America."For many years to come, The Great Father will be the point of departure for all those embarking on research projects in the history of government Indian policy."-William T. Hagan, New Mexico Historical Review. "The appearance of this massive history of federal Indian policy is a triumph of historical research and scholarly publication."-Lawrence C. Kelly, Montana. "This is the most important history ever published about the formulation of federal Indian policies in the United States."-Herbert T. Hoover, Minnesota History. "This truly is the definitive work on the subject."-Ronald Rayman, Library Journal.The Great Father was widely praised when it appeared in two volumes in 1984 and was awarded the Ray Allen Billington Prize by the Organization of American Historians. This abridged one-volume edition follows the structure of the two-volume edition, eliminating only the footnotes and some of the detail. It is a comprehensive history of the relations between the U.S. government and the Indians. Covering the two centuries from the Revolutionary War to 1980, the book traces the development of American Indian policy and the growth of the bureaucracy created to implement that policy.Francis Paul Prucha, S.J., a leading authority on American Indian policy and the author of more than a dozen other books, is an emeritus professor of history at Marquette University.
  

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Contents

THE COLONIAL EXPERIENCE
5
FORMATIVE YEARS
29
Trade and Intercourse Laws
89
Government Trading Houses Factories
115
United States Factory System 17951822
123
Civilization and Education
135
The Indian Department
159
PART TWO INDIAN REMOVAL
179
AMERICANIZING THE AMERICAN INDIANS
609
The Reservations and Reform
631
Severalty Law and Citizenship
659
Education for Patriotic Citizenship
687
Bureaucratization and Reform
716
THE NATIONS WARDS
759
The Guardian on Trial
790
Education for SelfSupport
814

Andrew Jackson and Removal Motivation for Removal
183
The Emigration of the Southern Tribes
214
Land Cessions of the Five Civilized Tribes
220
Removal of the Northern Indians
243
Potawatomi Land Cessions
250
Indian Land Cessions in the North
260
The Emigrant Indians in the West
270
New Structures and Programs
293
AMERICAN EXPANSION
315
A Pathway to the Pacific
339
Texas New Mexico and Utah
354
California Oregon and Washington
381
PART FOUR THE CIVIL WAR YEARS
411
The Indian Territory 18661888
435
A Series of Other Wars
437
The Indian System and Its Critics
462
Structures of the Peace Policy
501
Military Challenge
534
The Plains and Mountains 18651880
547
Reservation Policy
562
Illustration and Map Credits
607
Concern for Indian Health
841
The Indians Land
864
35 Indians of Oklahoma and New York
897
THE INDIAN NEW DEAL
917
The New Reform
940
Rounding Out the New Deal
969
The End of the Indian New Deal
993
TERMINATION
1013
Programs for Indians
1060
INDIAN SELFDETERMINATION
1085
Signs of the New Day
1111
The Regional Corporations
1134
Advances in Indian Rights
1139
Indian Lands and Communities
1168
Legal and Judicial Maneuvering
1171
47 The American Indians in 1980
1191
Appendix A
1211
Appendix B
1217
Appendix D
1227
Illustration and Map Credits
1259
Copyright

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About the author (1995)

Francis Paul Prucha, is the author of "The Great Father: The United States Government and American Indians" and holds a Ph.D. from Harvard University. A native of Wisconsin, Father Prucha is a priest of the Society of Jesus and professor emeritus of history at Marquette University.

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