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action anarchism Bebel Blanquist bourgeois bourgeoisie capital capitalist cent class struggle collectivist Communist Communist Manifesto competition Congress constant capital cooperation criticism declares demand democratic distribution doctrine duction economic Engels equal Erfurt Programme evils existing order exploitation Fabian fact factory forces forecast Fourier France French future German Guesde human Ibid ideal increase indictment individual industrial reserve army inevitable interest Jaures Karl Marx Kautsky Labor party labor-power Lassalle leaders less London Marx Marx's Marxian Marxism means ment merely misery modern necessary organization ownership peasant political possible present private property production programme proletariat proportion proposals radical reform Reichstag revolution revolutionary Saint-Simon Saint-Simonist scientific share social Socialist Labor party socialist movement Socialist party society success surplus value syndicalism syndicalist tactics tendency theory of value tion to-day trade unions United Utopian variable capital vote wages wealth whole workers workingman
Page 105 - The sum total of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society, the real foundation, on which rises a legal and political superstructure and to which correspond definite forms of social consciousness.
Page 54 - ... the duty of erecting and maintaining certain public works and certain public institutions, which it can never be for the interest of any individual, or small number of individuals, to erect and maintain ; because the profit could never repay the expense to any individual or small number of individuals, though it may frequently do much more than repay it to a great society.
Page 38 - The man whose whole life is spent in performing a few simple operations, of which the effects too are, perhaps, always the same, or very nearly the same, has no occasion to exert his understanding, or to exercise his invention in finding out expedients for removing difficulties which never occur. He naturally loses, therefore, the habit of such exertions, and generally becomes as stupid and ignorant as it is possible for a human creature to become.
Page 71 - Every man, as long as he does not violate the laws of justice, is left perfectly free to pursue his own interest his own way, and to bring both his industry and capital into competition with those of any other man, or order of men. The sovereign is completely discharged from a duty, in the attempting to perform which he must always be exposed to innumerable delusions, and for the proper performance of which no human wisdom or knowledge could ever be sufficient; the duty of superintending the industry...
Page 105 - The mode of production in material life determines the general character of the social, political and spiritual processes of life. It is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but, on the contrary, their social existence determines their consciousness.
Page 70 - Any general character, from the best to the worst, from the most ignorant to the most enlightened, may be given to any community, even to the world at large, by the application of proper means; which means are to a great extent at the command and under the control of those who have influence in the affairs of men.
Page 71 - All systems either of preference or of restraint, therefore, being thus completely taken away, the obvious and simple system of natural liberty establishes itself of its own accord. Every man, as long as he does not violate the laws of justice, is left perfectly free to pursue his own way, and to bring both his industry and capital into competition with those of any other man, or order of men.
Page 105 - From this point of view the final causes of all social changes and political revolutions are to be sought, not in men's brains, not in man's better insight into eternal truth and justice, but in changes in the modes of production and exchange.
Page 153 - The modern laborer, on the contrary, instead of rising with the progress of industry, sinks deeper and deeper below the conditions of existence of his own class. He becomes a pauper, and pauperism develops more rapidly than population and wealth.
JSTOR: Socialism: A Critical Analysis
Chicago Journals - Ethics