Atom Optics

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Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 21, 2001 - Science - 311 pages
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One of the most profound revolutions brought about by quantum mechanics is that it does away with the distinction between waves and particles: atoms, in particular, can exhibit all the properties that we associate with wave phenomena, such as diffraction and interference; it has recently even become possible to prepare collections of atoms in coherent states, like those of photons in a laser beam. These developments are at the core of the rapidly expanding field of atom optics. ||Atom Optics gradually leads the reader from elementary concepts to the frontiers of the field. It is organized in three parts, linear, nonlinear, and quantum atom optics. After a review of light forces on atoms and of laser cooling, the first part discusses the application of light forces to atom optical elements such as gratings, mirrors and lenses, matter-wave diffraction, and atomic traps and resonators. The discussion of nonlinear atom optics starts with a review of collisions from a viewpoint that clearly demonstrates its profound analogy with nonlinear optics. The last part, quantum atom optics, first recalls key results of many-body theory in a formulation geared specifically toward atom optics. This is followed by a discussion of atomic Bose-Einstein condensation and "atom lasers." The final chapters treat such applications as atomic solitons, four-wave mixing, superradiance, and conclude with the coherent amplification of matter waves. ||An online web component to the book, a gateway to atom optics, contains links to the leading references and journals in the field, to research sites, and to updates for the contents of the book. FROM THE REVIEWS: ¿Atom optics today has reached maturity: It has become both wave (coherent) and nonlinear atom optics. Of course that expansion required generalization in a new book. Pierre Meystre has taken just such a generalist approach in his timely ATOM OPTICS. His were the pioneering works in atom optics; to get information from the first explorer is always most valuable to the reader ¿ Recommend[ed] to all strata of the physics community.¿ ¿PHYSICS TODAY
  

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Copyright

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Popular passages

Page 290 - M.-O. Mewes, MR Andrews, NJ van Druten, DM Kurn, DS Durfee, CG Townsend and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 988(1996).
Page 278 - Deng, EW Hagley, J. Wen, M. Trippenbach, Y. Band, PS Julienne, JE Simsarian, K. Helmerson, SL Rolston and WD Phillips Nature 398, 218 (1999).
Page 279 - Periodic spontaneous collapse and revival in a simple quantum model," Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, pp. 1323-1326, 1980; MO Scully, MS Zubairy, Quantum Optics, Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Page 297 - DM Stamper-Kurn, AP Chikkatur, A. Gorlitz, S. Inouye, S. Gupta, DE Pritchard and W. Ketterle, "Excitation of phonons in a Bose-Einstein condensate by light scattering,
Page 285 - M. Sargent III, MO Scully and WE Lamb, Jr., Laser Physics, Addison- Wesley, Reading, MA, 1974.
Page 286 - M. Kasevich and S. Chu. Measurement of the gravitational acceleration of an atom with a light-pulse atom interferometer.
Page 282 - PL Gould, PJ Martin, GA Ruff, RE Stoner, JL Picque, and DE Pritchard. Momentum transfer to atoms by a standing wave: Transition from diffraction to diffusion. Phys. Rev. A, 43:585, 1991.
Page 284 - JR Ensher, CE Wieman, and EA Cornell, "Dynamics of component separation in a binary mixture of Bose-Einstein condensates,

References to this book

Quantum Optics: An Introduction
Mark Fox
No preview available - 2006
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